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Ancient Mesopotamia
Assyria Nineveh
Arslan Tash Til Barsip
Iran Palace of Darius
Phoenicia Arabia Palmyra
Syrian coast
Ougarit Byblos

Fragment of Cup Belonging
to the Tableware of Xerxes I
Sb 548
room 14 showcase 4 (13)
Xerxes I was without doubt the king referred to in the Book of Esther as Assuerus.
- Esther 1:1, 2.
It was under his reign that a plot against the Jews was foiled by the queen and her cousin Mordecai. Xerxes I appear to be the “fourth king” mentioned in Daniel 11:2.
Despite his victory in Thermopylae, he suffered a bitter defeat at Salamis, a forewarning of the upper hand being claimed by Greek power.
Léonidas at Thermopylae

INV 3690       

Jacques-Louis DAVID

Denon 1er Daru    room 75

This very narrow gorge restricted access to central Greece. It was the stage of the heroic death of Leonidas, King of Sparta, and his 1,400 men, in their attempt to push back the Persian invasion commanded by Xerxes I.


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