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Ancient Mesopotamia
Assyria Nineveh
Arslan Tash Til Barsip
Iran Palace of Darius
Phoenicia Arabia Palmyra
Syrian coast
Ougarit Byblos

Contract in Babylonian
AO 7672
Sully room 14 showcase 14
The Bible and the fall of Babylon

“Cyrus conquered Babylon in 539 BC.

In the Babylonian calendar, this year was considered the first year of his reign.

 The Bible and the fall of Babylon

It is a pivotal date  as it ties in with both secular and biblical chronology. A243, A244
The Chronicle of Nabonidus is the most comprehensive cuneiform text that exists
on the fall of Babylon.
The festival of the New Year was celebrated
and various gods had been brought to the city.
The account matches the biblical text
(Daniel chapter 5) which shows that
Belshazzar was king in Babylon at the time
the city was overthrown.
It shows that the precision of the text
of Daniel (5:29), whereby “he was to become
the third ruler in the kingdom”,
agrees with the facts.
The explanation for the fall of Babylon on the Cyrus Cylinder differs from that of the Bible.
The cuneiform document, housed in the British Museum, is essentially religious. It shows Cyrus attributing the credit of his victory to Marduk. This text has been described as ‘a propaganda document written by Babylonian priests’ with the aim of explaining the complete inability of this main deity of Babylon to save the city.
According to Herodotus (I, 191, 192), when Cyrus laid siege to the city, he directed the river into the basin through
a canal […] and once the water lowered,
the former bed could be forded.
Although slightly different in terms
of detail, the account of Xenophon (Cyropaedia, VII, (5) 33) gives
the same basic information.
The account of Joseph (Against Apion, I, 150-153) ties in with the biblical story, according to which the king killed on the night of the fall of Babylon, was Belshazzar and not Nabonidus.
God is the Master of Time. ‘The Father has placed in his own jurisdiction’ both the times (chronos), the length of periods, and seasons (kairos), the time characterised by certain events (Acts 1:7). The divine inspiration which enabled historians to write their accounts is an infallible guarantee of the veracity of biblical chronology. - 2 Peter 1:21.


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