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Ancient Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia
Assyria Nineveh
Arslan Tash Til Barsip
Iran Palace of Darius
Phoenicia Arabia Palmyra
Syrian coast
Ougarit Byblos




 
Statue Known as The Architect with a Plan
 
AO 2
 
Around 2120 BC
 
Richelieu room 2
  
Gudea, Prince of Lagash,
is shown seated, his hands joined together
in the gesture of prayer,
with the engraved plan of the temple enclosure
of his god Ningirsu on his knees.
  
The realisation by this architect and Sumerian
prince of an ambitious programme
of pious reconstruction, which required materials
to be brought back from far-off lands,
enables a comparison to be made
with the construction of the Temple of Jerusalem
by King Solomon.

 The Architect with a Plan and Gudea, Prince of Lagash

An hypothesis has been put forward that, due to the compound organisation found frequently in many temples belonging to the Syro-Mesopotamian world, the architectural model for the Temple would have been suggested by a Phoenician architect. A129
 
However, the Bible says :

The architectural model for the Temple,
divine inspiration or Phoenician architect ?

And David proceeded to give Sol´o·mon his son the architectural plan […] of everything that had come to be with him by inspiration.” (1 Chronicles 28:12, NWT, note); “He gave insight for the entire thing in writing from the hand of Jehovah upon me.” (vst 19).
 
It is therefore God who is the true Architect, and this in a precise design.
 

“And David proceeded to give Sol´o·mon his son the architectural plan […]
of everything that had come to be
with him by inspiration [...]
He gave insight for the entire thing
in writing from the hand of Jehovah
upon me, even for all the works
of the architectural plan.”

 1 Chronicles 28:12,19 
 
 
In his plea in the defence of Christ, Paul the Apostle explains that this Temple is ‘a typical representation and a shadow of the heavenly things.’ (Hebrews 8:5), a spiritual temple, to which access is made possible thanks to the sacrifice of Jesus. “For Christ entered, not into a holy place made with hands, which is a copy of the reality, but into heaven itself, now to appear before the person of God for us.” - Hebrews 9:24.
 
 
 

 





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