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Google translation
On 1 May and its origins

From one country to another, the events described by today differ greatly. Yet they are linked. Brief review of the origins of May 1 with a visit to the museum.

On 1 May, a celebration disconnected from its pagan origins?

\ "\"

Thrush Day, Labor Day,
holiday, party of the people, the flower show,

Beltaine, Walpurgis Night,
maypole, Queen and King of May

thrush and pagan roots,
Flora Roman goddess of spring,
Belteine, holy day
festival of light,

May 1, 1890, and Congress
Socialist International in Paris
Riots in Chicago on May 1, 1886

It seems that the thrush also called lily of the valley, a plant native to Japan, is present in Europe since the Middle Ages. The plant bells has always symbolized spring and Celts who gave him the virtues lucky.

In ancient Rome, the first day of May, coinciding with the flower shows, festivals that were celebrated in honor of Flora, the goddess of spring and flowers. It was the occasion of singing, dancing and processions flowers. Roman prostitutes particularly enjoyed these festivals because they considered as their patron goddess Flora.

\ "\"
Flora MR 1818
Lower Ground Floor

Cour Marly
\ "\"
Flora    RF 265
Lower Ground Floor
Cour Marly


Flora form a group dedicated to the forest with Magpie Berger \ 's Hamadryad, located in the park of Marly. The group was taken to the Tuileries Gardens from 1716. Statue executed from 1706 to 1709
rustic waterfall park of Marly.
The statue has been on the front of
Malmaison from 1801 to 1877.
Flora RF 1474
Around 1540 BORDON
Denon 1
room of the Mona Lisa Room 6

Bordon is a specialist,
popular \ 's time
these portraits whose allegorical pretext \ eroticism
is admitted.
\ "\"

Flora is the goddess
of the spring bloom.

The courtesans of Venice, renowned for their beauty,
their elegance and culture

liked to do
account for
in his face.
The party Belteine
is for the Halloween night.
The old meaning of May 1
is lost and practices
survived in the form of simple
popular. holidays
Folklorists who address
the more distant origins
this festival discover many pagan roots.
May 1 commemorates the rebirth of the sun. Six months later (November 1), the cult of the night was Christianized to celebrate the immortality of souls of the dead, the Church has made ​​the Saints
\ "\"
The Triumph of Flora inv 7298
Nicolas Poussin To 1627
Richelieu 2nd Nicolas Poussin Room 13

To the right of Flora, in a chariot drawn by two loves, stand Ajax armor (\ 's eye)
Narcissus and offer him flowers. On the left, Venus \ 's advance, accompanied \' Amours;
behind her, walking Adonis, holder of \ a
launches and offering anemones Hyacinte
\ "\"
Spring or Zephyr and Flora crowning flowers Cybele inv 3097
Antoine-François CALLET
Denon 1 Galerie d'Apollon Room 66

At the request of Louis XIV, Charles Le Brun wrote in 1663 a setting dedicated
to the sun's path through time and \ space. Apollo, Roman god of the sun, gave the gallery its name. Decor of Le Brun,
unfinished, still three compositions.

When the Romans conquered other countries, they brought their customs. However, in Celtic countries, they found that the first day of May, a party had already taken place, Beltane.

The night before, ie at the beginning of the Celtic day we turned all the lights. Then, when the sun rose, people lit fires on the hills or in the sacred trees to welcome summer and the renewal of life. Herds were coming out and we begged the gods to protect them. The flower show and Beltaine not slow to mingle to form one party, that from 1 May AA151

In German-speaking peoples
and Scandinavian, Walpurgis was
the equivalent of Beltaine.

The festivities began in
Walpurgis Night with the ignition
supposed to fire away witches
and evil spirits.

Feast of Walpurgis Night in Sweden.

\ "\"
Walpurgis Night, named \ 's honor of St. Walburga (710-779) is a spring festival which takes place in the night from April 30 to May 1. Celebrated throughout the \ Europe since ancient times, despite the bans and excommunications of the Christian churches, it was identified Witches' Sabbath. It is mainly a symbol of the end of \ winter, sometimes associated with planting \ 's maypole \' s burning bonfires.
Holy days and Satanism
The most important day of Satanism is the birthday.
The other two days more 'holy \' of satanic calendar
are Walpurgis Night and Halloween.
In the \ old Germany, it was believed that \ 'this day the gods of spring (gods and goddesses of fertility) were spread in nature to end \' s winter. L \ 'Church attempted to discredit the party transforming deities "devils" and (especially) as witches. From there proceed the "magical" nature and "sulfur" of Walpurgis Night. Today \ 's, the party has survived mainly in Sweden.
\ "\"
The ghost of Samuel appearing to Saul

at the Witch of Endor
inv 584
Salvator Rosa
Denon 1st floor room 13

The subject is taken from biblical
First Book of Samuel (28, 6-14):

worried about the outcome of the battle he was about
to deliver the Philistines, Saul, king of Israel, consulted a magician who summoned the shade
Samuel, terrified, he learned that shadow
that God had forsaken him and David
succeed him.
The Church had little control over these pagan festivities. In the Middle Ages, new customs were added, men and women spent the night in the forest picking flowers in buds and twigs to welcome May at sunrise. We stood in the center of the village tree in May People chose a queen and a king of May Such rites were intended to ensure the fertility of crops, the fertility of livestock and humans, but this meaning is lost and practices have survived in the form of simple folk festivals.

The tree may lose its popularity in the eighteenth century
before experiencing a renewed enthusiasm in a more moral appearance.

Many customs traditionally associated
on 1 May, such as dance
rotating around children
the maypole and waving ribbons of bright colors,
date of this recently.

\ "\"
Hours \ 'Anne of Brittany
May (XVI)

The tradition of a rbre May is a fertility rite associated with the return of the canopy. Once widespread throughout Europe, this rite takes its meaning from the traditional cycle in May The Church denounced allegedly alienating his characters, superstitious, and even satanic (sexual rites of group company troubled by the multiplicity of rules absolutisation plant and animal spirits). It \ 's the fifth Council of Milan in 1579 that \' s Church outlawed the tradition and its related rituals, stating \ 's ban "the first day of May, the feast of the apostles St. Jacques and St. Philip, cutting trees with their branches This is comparable to many folklore customs celebrating the tree, including the Christmas tree or that \ 's tree of liberty established in the French Revolution (Wikipedia).
Folklorists who are looking at the most distant origins of this holiday are finding many pagan roots. AA152
On 1 May has always been the party of the people. The workers were unemployed, with or without the consent of their employer. Social roles were reversed. The king and queen of the day were chosen from the people and the ruling classes were often mocked. S similarities with the past, which are always present ...

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