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A Visit
of three Departements
of The Louvre
In 23 steps.




 
Titus     MND 2224
 
Denon room 25
 
 
Titus and the fall of Jerusalem
  
 
This reworked portrait of an effigy
of the Emperor Nero (54-63 AD),
following the damnatio memoriae (damnation
of memory) to which he was subject, displays naturalism and sensitivity in its style. 
 
It bears witness to the Hellenistic influences
felt in Flavian sculpture.
 
The name of this Roman Emperor (79-81 CE), the eldest son of Vespasian, is closely linked
to the destruction of the city of Jerusalem
and the second Temple in 70 AD.

 Titus and the fall of Jerusalem

To commemorate this victory, his brother Domitian had the Arch of Titus erected in Rome, a silent witness to the fulfilment of one of the most remarkable prophecies of Jesus Christ, pronounced forty years earlier. AR72
 
“When you see Jerusalem surrounded by encamped armies, then know that the desolating of her has drawn near. Then let those in Judea begin fleeing to the mountains. (…) For there will be great necessity upon the land; and they will fall by the edge of the sword and be led captive into all the nations.” - Luke 21:20-24.
 
The original inscription on the attic
overlooking the Colosseum informs us
that the arch was reportedly built by
Domitian after 81 AD, the year of Titus’ death.
 
 
Under the arch, bas-reliefs show soldiers
carrying objects pillaged from the Temple,
seven-branched candelabras,
tables of showbread and holy trumpets.
 
  
Arch of Titus in Rome  wikipedia            >
 
 
 
The Triumph of Titus and Vespasian    Inv 423
 
Denon 1st floor Grand Gallery room 5
 
Inspired by Suetonius’ Life of the Caesars, the scene shows Titus and Vespasian crowned by the Victory. 
They are following captured Judea, incarnated by a prisoner driven by horses and preceded by a seven-branched candelabra from the Temple of Jerusalem.
 
The following prediction is an example of the accuracy of the prophecy: “your enemies will build around you a fortification with pointed stakes and will encircle you.” (Luke 19:43). The historian Josephus informs us “many despaired of taking the city with their usual engines of war”. AR75
 
The young General Titus decided that it “was necessary to surround the entire city with a wall if they wanted to combine speed with safety.” Building of this was complete in three days, at almost inconceivable speed for a construction that should have taken months. It was precisely ‘the fortification of pointed stakes’ Jesus had predicted!
 
One of the most striking declarations made
by Jesus concerns the second Temple,
 
an architectural masterpiece and the pride
of the Roman Empire:“Not one stone will be left on top of another!”  (Luke 19:44; 21:6).
 
 
“Not one stone will be left
on top of another!”
 
Luke 21:6  New Living Translation
 
 
Contrary to the original intentions of Titus, the entire city and its temple were demolished with the exception of three towers and a section of the Western Wall. In 66 AD, the Jewish population rebelled against the Roman Empire. Four years later, in 70 AD, the Roman legions led by Titus re-conquered and destroyed Jerusalem, including the Second Temple.
 
This particularly painful event in Jewish histor
is commemorated each year on 9 April.
 
 
The enormous stones that supported
the Second Temple still stand today.

The Destruction of the Second Temple,
 
Francesco Hayez   Venice

 
Cestius Gallus surrounded Jerusalem in 66 AD but lifted the siege when the capture of the city was imminent. The strange turn of events enabled Christians who had paid heed to the words of Jesus pronounced thirty years earlier to flee the condemned city.  AR73

 Christians have survived the massacre
by fleeing to the city of Pella

“Then those in Judea
must flee to the hills.”
 
Luke 21:21 NLT
 
 ‘All the members of the Church
of Jerusalem fled to a city located
beyond the river Jordan,
by the name of Pella.’
 
Eusebius AR74
View of Pella               ww.bibleistrue     >
 
A genuine historical lesson in survival!
 
And remarkable proof that the predictions of the Bible are not founded on human interpretations of circumstances or inclinations existing at the time they were issued and that ‘you are doing well in paying attention to it’. - 2 Peter 1:19

 




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