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of The Louvre
In 23 steps.

Passover      N 1150
Meuse Valley   Around 1160-1170
Richelieu 1st floor Suger
room 2 showcase 2
Easter or Passover?
This champlevé enamel plaque from
the 12th Century shows an Israelite
marking his door with sheep’s blood.
The work is reminiscent of the deliverance
of the Israelite people at the time
of Moses, and the “It is the sacrifice of
the Passover to Yhwh, who passed over
the houses of the sons of Israel in Egypt
when he plagued the Egyptians,
but he delivered our houses.” 
- Exodus 12:27
© RMN / Hervé Lewandoswki
During the Tenth Plague, the Hebrews had to cut the throat of a sheep and apply its blood to the doorposts and lintels of their houses. They then had to observe the Seder to commemorate this salvation. “This day must serve as a memorial for you, and you must celebrate it as a festival to Yhwh.” - Exodus 12:14.
No ‘shadow of the good things to come’ (Hebrews 10:1.) contained in the Law can compete with the festival of the Jewish Passover. AR50  The Passover sheep signalled the sacrifice of Jesus. Paul the Apostle called Jesus “Christ our Passover (who) has been sacrificed". - 1 Corinthians 5:7.

 Easter or Passover?

“There is no trace of the celebration of Easter as a Christian festival in the New Testament or the writings of the apostolic fathers. The sanctity of special times was an idea absent from the minds of the first Christians.”
 Encyclopaedia Britannica


a poorly concealed fertility cult 
masked as a celebration
of the resurrection of Christ. 

 No trace of the celebration of Easter as a Christian festival

The French name for this festival (Pâques) suggests that it comes from a christianised version of the French for Jewish Passover (Pâque juive), however this is not so. “For every time you eat this bread and drink this cup, you are announcing the Lord’s death until he comes again.” (1 Corinthians 11:26, NLT). There is no trace of Passover being observed as a celebration of the resurrection of Christ in the New Testament. AR51

 Easter : an assimilation of numerous traditions

Easter is an assimilation of numerous traditions dating back to the pre-Christian era.
Many ancient customs intended to welcome
in the return of spring are linked to
this festival. The egg is the emblem of
the germinating life. The rabbit is a pagan
symbol and has always been an emblem
of fertility. AR52 , AR53
 The rabbit is a pagan symbol
and has always been
an emblem of fertility […]
The egg is the emblem of
the germinating life of early spring.
The Catholic Encyclopaedia 
The egg and the hare are also linked to the cult of Astarte, the Phoenician goddess of fertility, these being her attributes. Statues either showed her with extremely exaggerated sexual organs or with a rabbit beside her and an egg in her hand.

 The egg and the hare are also linked to the cult of Astarte

 “The egg as a symbol of fertility 

and of renewed life goes back to the ancient Egyptians and Persians,
who had also the custom of colouring
and eating eggs during
their spring festival.”
Encyclopedia Britannica 
“The egg is a very ancient universal symbol, associated with life, at the origin of the world in many legends. This emblem of eternal life and perfection sometimes accompanied the dead into the hereafter […]. Easter is certainly the moment when the egg played its greatest role, as at the time eggs were essential instruments of magical fertility.”
N. Cretin, Fêtes et traditions occidentales [Western Festivals and Traditions]
For A. Hislop, the name Easter AR54 (Ostern in German), which comes from Eostre or Ostara, the Anglo-Saxon goddess of dawn and springtime, carries within it its Babylonian origin, since it calls to mind the name of the Queen of Heaven, Ishtar or Astarte. AR55
See also
     Fêtes et traditions occidentales, par Nadine Cretin


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