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Ancient Mesopotamia
Assyria Nineveh
Arslan Tash Til Barsip
Iran Palace of Darius
Phoenicia Arabia Palmyra
Syrian coast
Ougarit Byblos

The Emperor Tiberius
Ma 1255
Denon room 23
Tiberius and the ministry of Jesus
Tiberius, the second Emperor of Rome,
was the eldest son of Livia,
the third wife of Augustus.
This head of Tiberius is a portrait in
the Imperium Majus style created
in 13 AD when Augustus granted
Tiberius powers equal to his own.
Its austerity is due to
its military character.

Tiberius is one of three Caesars mentioned in the Bible

It was under his reign that Jesus began his ministry and was put to death. “In the fifteenth year of the reign of Tibe´rius Caesar (…) God’s declaration came to John the son of Zechari´ah in the wilderness. So he came into all the country around the Jordan, preaching baptism [in symbol] of repentance for forgiveness of sins (…).Now when all the people were baptized, Jesus also was baptized.”- Luke 3:1-3, 21.
On 17 September CE, a month after the death of Augustus, Tiberius authorised the Senate to appoint him Emperor. AR62  This historical reference allows 29 CE to be considered the year when the Messiah first appeared. The Prophet Daniel also announced the precise date of this event with great accuracy. - Daniel 9:25   AR63
The Emperor Tiberius
MA 1248
Vatican Collections
Discovered in Capri



The supposed depravation of Tiberius contributed to tarnishing his reputation.
The exegetes
saw ‘someone contemptible’
in him who would rise up
as ‘King of the North,
and under whose reign Jesus Christ
‘the guiding hand of the alliance
would be broken’.
- Daniel 11:15, 21-22.

 Tiberius and the ministry of Jesus

It was moreover this ‘Caesar’ whom the high priests acknowledged as King during the trial of Jesus (John 19:15). For these religious leaders, “This man we found subverting our nation and forbidding the paying of taxes to Caesar and saying he himself is Christ a king”. (Luke 23:1, 2) Through this triple accusation to which Tiberius was particularly sensitive, they presented Jesus as being guilty of high treason, or, according to the Roman expression, of crimen laesae majestatis (a crime of lese-majesty).
The head of Tiberius also featured
on the coin used to pay the tax
brought to Jesus when he said:
“Whose image and inscription is this?” They said to him: “Caesar’s.”
Jesus then said: “Pay back Caesar’s things to Caesar, but God’s things to God.”  Mark 12:15-17
An example of the last coins bearing the head of Tiberius, entered into circulation around 15 CE, is on display at the British Museum. AR64
The son of Herod the Great, ruler of the district of Galilee (Luke 3:1), Herod won the favour of Tiberius Caesar. The adulterous union that he entered into with Herodias earned him the criticism of John the Baptist. During his birthday celebrations, Herod had him beheaded to keep the promise made to Salome (Matthew 14:6). It was also he who mocked Jesus during his trial by dressing him in splendid clothing before sending him back to Pilate. - Luke 23:8-12.
See also  Head of John the Baptist on a Disc     R.F. 4203 



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