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Ancient Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia
Assyria Nineveh
Arslan Tash Til Barsip
Iran Palace of Darius
Phoenicia Arabia Palmyra
Syrian coast
Ougarit Byblos




“The Righteous Sufferer”    AO 4462
 
 
Richelieu room 3 showcase 15 (7)
 
 
The problems of evil are put down
in a monologue.
 
A great righteous and satisfied figure
is abandoned by his god.

Misfortune and trouble rain down on him
until the god returns his favour upon him.
 
There are four or five works in possession
constructed along this literary theme of

the “unfortunate man who does not understand why he is reduced to such misfortune”.

 The Righteous Sufferer, Similarities with Job

We will note the similarities with the biblical, contemporary Job. A195
 
Written much later, the Book of Job is considered a masterpiece of universal literature. It reveals questions asked in front of the whole universe by the main opponent of God, namely the integrity of intelligent creatures in the face of the legitimacy of God’s domination (Job 1, 2). The expression ha-satan (Satan, the Opponent) appears here for the first time in the Hebrew text of the Bible, and is another way of identifying the ‘original serpent’, the cause of human misfortune. (Job 1:6; Revelation 12:9). Jesus Christ was to forcefully renounce this exact identity.
 
Can we however suggest like Jean Bottéro that the author of the Book of Job is Mesopotamian in origin?
 
 
How do we then explain such scientific accuracy in the description of the Earth and its wonders? (chap. 36 to 41).
 
How was he able to conjure up so accurately the correct direction
of the water cycle?
 
How could this man know that
the Earth was suspended in
emptiness (chap. 26:7),
a notion opposite to the beliefs
of his time?
 
And how could he have been able
to guess that the problems related
to origins of evil began in heaven
(chap. 1 and 2)?
 
  NASA Goddard Space Flight Center  by Reto Stöckli
 

These questions remain unanswered

if we fail to acknowledge the inspired

nature of the Bible story.

 

 “He is stretching out the north over
the empty place,
Hanging the earth upon nothing.”

 Book of Job, around 1500 BC 
 
 
See also

    > Babylonian Hostility in the book of Job
 
 
 
 

 





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