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Ancient Mesopotamia
Assyria Nineveh
Arslan Tash Til Barsip
Iran Palace of Darius
Phoenicia Arabia Palmyra
Syrian coast
Ougarit Byblos

Bullock Known as
the ‘Golden Calf’
AO 14680
Levant room B showcase 3
Miniature found in Byblos.
Illustrates the first form
of idolatry mentioned in
the Bible - Exodus 32:1-8.
Although the worship of images is very common in both Christian and non-Christian religions, this teaching is not in the Bible.
We find this prohibition concerning the creation and worship of idols in the Decalogue:
You must not make for yourself a carved image […] You must not bow down to them.”(Exodus 20:4, 5).
A warning repeated to Christians: “Flee from idolatry.” (1 Corinthians 10:14) and “Guard yourselves from idols.” - 1 John 5:21. (New American Standard Bible)
You must not make for yourself
a carved image […] You must not bow down to them.”
- Exodus 20:4, 5
« Guard yourselves from idols »

1 John 5:21

The veneration of these pseudo-gods is a flagrant act of disrespect  to the Almighty. Jesus himself declared:  “You shall do reverence to the Lord your God, and worship him alone!” - Luke 4:8 (Bible in Living English)

See also

Statue of the Goddess Narundi    Sb 54   Oriental Antiquities rooms 4 to 9
Apis Bull  N 390  Egyptian Antiquities  Ground floor


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