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Caryatids Room
Roman art
Julio-Claudian Period
Late Antiquity
Gaul, Africa and Syria



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God of heaven and
king of the gods of Olympus,
Zeus was identified
as Jupiter by the Romans.
At times, the cult of Yahweh was
in direct conflict with that of Zeus.
King Antiochus IV (Epiphanes),
who wished to wipe out the Jewish religion,
ordered that the Temple of Jerusalem be desecrated and dedicated instead
to Zeus of Olympus.
- 2 Maccabees 6:1, 2. (King James Version)

 The cult of Yahweh was in direct conflict with that of Zeus

The boat on which the prisoner Paul left had a figurehead of the 'Sons of Zeus', or the ‘Dioscuri’, the twins Castor and Pollux (Acts 28:11).
It was commonly believed that these divinities, considered outstanding sailors as they had power over the wind and waves, demonstrated their protective powers in the form of St. Elmo's fire, an electrical light phenomenon which appears at times at the top of a ship’s mast.

 Zeus or Jupiter in the Bible

Leda and the Swan

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It was in the form of a swan,
so as not to scare the young wife
of the King of Sparta,
which Zeus came to Leda.  
From their union, two couples
were born: Helen and Castor,
and Pollux and Clytemnestra.
His numerous amorous encounters made Zeus the father of an abundant progeny, a list of which was drawn up by Hesiod in
the final chapter of the Theogony.

An explanation for the origin to the Greek myths ?

It is interesting to note the light the Bible sheds on the possible, even probable, origin of Greek myths. According to Genesis 6:1-13, before the flood, the angelic sons of God arrived on Earth. They gave rise to Nephilim or ‘ones who have fallen’. Because of this union against nature of spiritual creatures and humans, the Earth became full of immorality and violence (Jude 6; 2 Peter 2:4). The men of postdiluvian times, such as Yavan, the ancestor of the Greek people (Genesis 10:2-4), certainly heard speak of this period. AR25

 Pantheons of Greece and Rome :

And Professor George Rawlinson concludes:  AR26

 A striking resemblance of the Chaldaean system

“In the Pantheons of Greece and Rome, and in that of Chaldaea, the same general grouping is to be recognised; the same genealogical succession is not unfrequently to be traced. This resemblance is too general and too close in some respects, to allow of the supposition that mere accident has produced the coincidence”.
George Rawlinson
“The striking resemblance of the Chaldaean system to that of the Classical Mythology seems worthy of particular attention […].
Even the familiar names and titles of classical divinities admit of the most curious illustration
and explanation from Chaldaean sources.
We can scarcely doubt but that, in some way or other, there was a communication of beliefs – a passage in very early times, from the shores
of the Persian Gulf to the lands washed by the Mediterranean, of mythological notions and ideas. »

Back to Mesopotamia and Babylon

Also remarking this fundamental connection, the orientalist E. Speiser traces the theme of Greek myths back to Mesopotamia. AR27
There where both Babylon and the place from where humans dispersed after the confusion of language were to be found. - Genesis 11:1-9.


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