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Ancient Mesopotamia
Assyria Nineveh
Arslan Tash Til Barsip
Iran Palace of Darius
Phoenicia Arabia Palmyra
Syrian coast
Ougarit Byblos


Victory Stele of
Naram-Sin, King of Akkad

Sb 4

Richelieu room 2

Unusual circumstances
led to this exceptional work
being housed in the Louvre.

An Elamite king had taken it as plunder.

French archaeologists discovered
the stele slightly before 1900
on the Iranian site of Susa.

Stele of Naram-Sin, King of Akkad

Naram-Sin, grandson of Sargon the Great, vested himself with the title “God of Akkad, king of the four regions”. The inscription expresses his claims to reign over the universe.
The king is standing upright
expressing his piety to the sun-god Shamash, who chose him and
assisted in his victories.
Simple mortals, depicted
much smaller, follow him.

The god is suggested here by
a rayed sun disc. His horned helmet indicated that this conqueror of Mari
was deified in his lifetime.

This symbolism is frequently seen
in Mesopotamian iconography.

In the Bible, the horn is also
a symbol of strength and power.
- Deuteronomy 33:17   A125
Psalm 75 (verse 5) warns against pride:
“Do not exalt your horn on high.
Do not speak with an arrogant neck.”

The horn, a symbol of strength, like in the Bible

Room 2 -  On the right, Victory Stele of Naram-Sin


Carte Chronologie Stèle roi  AkkadGlyptique ou Art des sceauxAntiquités EgyptiennesAntiquités Romaines Haut de page