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Great Sphinx The Nile
Leisure Temple
The mummy
Book of the Dead
The Gods
Old and New Kingdom
The writing and scribes
Room Campana
Room of Bronzes


Chapel of the tomb of Akhethotep

(The mastaba)

E 10958

c. 2400 BC (5th Dynasty)

Ruins reassembled in a

modern masonry

 Mastaba surmounted rich tombs

This construction, Mastaba or bench in Arabic, surmounted the richest tombs of the era of the great pyramids. Inside a chapel decorated family and welcomed visitors who came to pray for the soul of the deceased. Note also outside on the right sculpture shaped table set for dinner so that the dead be nourished forever.

Egyptian religion would ensure happiness in the afterlife

A dominant feature of Egyptian religion
was to strive to ensure the comfort and
happiness of souls in the afterlife.

This worship which also consisted of
honoring deceased ancestors
seems contrary to the teaching of Scripture.


"For the living are conscious that they will die;
but as for the dead,
they are conscious
of nothing at all."

Ecclesiastes 9:5


" It is the Egyptian religion
which paved the way for Christianity "

Christiane Desroches

This starry false door is designed to allow the soul of the dead to return to the living world.

false door Mery

Room 22 B 49

Sarcophagi     salle 14


  For Egyptians, the same word meant both grave and the house.
So there was a home for life and another after death.

The coffin is not only an additional protection of the body, but also a world in miniature.

We may on occasion find zodiac signs inside.
It is also possible to follow the route with the help of a map that the alleged soul of the deceased will follow.


 The belief in an immortal soul,
an Egyptian and Babylonian concept

sarcophages louvre room 14
The belief in the immortality of the soul
and its variants have been shaped by
the same Babylonian concept.

Chaldean theologians considered Death as a passage
to another life form. AE32
It is also a product of Greek philosophy,
which owes its development in Western thought
to the philosopher Plato. AE33
As regards the hope of resurrection,
it belongs to Jewish thought. AE34
  "Spinoza shocked Jews
and Christians to discover
that the concept of immortality of the soul was totally foreign
to the Old Testament [...].

It is through this idea of immortality that Egypt stands out most from other cultures. "
Jan Assmann

The concept of the immortality of the soul does not seem biblical.  AE35

The original words used in the Scriptures (Hebrew: nephesh; Greek: Psukhê) in reference to earthly creatures always means what is material, tangible, visible and mortal.



Carte Chronologie Antiquités OrientalesLivre des morts et immortalité de âmeMomie, embaumement Antiquités Romaines Haut de page