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Great Sphinx The Nile
Leisure Temple
The mummy
Book of the Dead
The Gods
Old and New Kingdom
The writing and scribes
Room Campana
Room of Bronzes

Furniture leg

bronze inlaid gold
On behalf of King Apries

E 17107bis

589-570 BC, 26th Dynasty

see also

Sphinx of King Apries N 515

Room 29 window 13
Pharaoh is called Hophra Apries by Herodotus. After the flight of Jews in Egypt in 607 b.c the prophet Jeremiah warns them of impending misfortune: "Here I am giving Phar´aoh Hoph´ra, the king of Egypt, into the hand of his enemies."- Jeremiah 44:30.
The Bible mentions Egypt and its inhabitants
over 700 times. Egypt is generally known by the name Mizraim (Genesis 50:11, note NWT), which suggests that the descendants of this son of Ham were predominant in this region, also known in some psalms the "land of Ham."

As for the name of Pharaoh, it is the Bible
which first made him known. AE4

Pharaoh means
"Big house". By extending its use came to refer to the sovereign who resides in the Palace, identification yet,

comparable to "The White House," "The Elysee”.

The first document where the title Pharaoh is juxtaposed to the proper name of the king dates from the reign of Shishak, a contemporary of Solomon. In the Bible, we find the same juxtaposition in the case of Pharaoh Neko (2 Kings 11:29 p.m.) and Pharaoh Hophra (Jeremiah 44:30).


Carte Chronologie Antiquités OrientalesCouvent Ste CatherineMaât portant la croix ansée,  symbole religieuxAntiquités Romaines Haut de page