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The Last Supper  
INV 1124
Sully 2nd floor
Champaigne room 31
“Keep doing this
in remembrance of me.”
Luke 22:19

The Last Supper, death or Resurrection  of  Christ ?

During the Holy Communion, Jesus asked his disciples to eat bread and drink wine in his memory. This instruction is at the origin of the Eucharist, the main ritual of Christianity, whereby the sacrifice of Christ is renewed. This doctrine developed over the centuries under the influence of Platonic philosophy.
Some disparity regarding the date of this festival appeared. AR56 The Council of Nicaea, convened in 325 AD by the Roman Emperor Constantine, decided that the Passover of the Resurrection would be celebrated on the first Sunday after the full moon.

 Quartodecimans, and 14 Nisan

The Christians of Asia,
and later the Quartodecimans,
remained faithful to the apostolic tradition,
and to the date of the Jewish Passover,
by commemorating the death of Christ
on the evening of the full moon 
on the date of 14 Nisan each year. AR57
 “With respect to Quartodecimanism,
it was to persist for a long time. Despite the condemnation of the Council of Nicaea, the practice was still to be found in the 16th Century.”
Michel Clévenot
Eusebius reported that, at the end of the 2nd Century, Polycrates of Ephesus sent a letter to Rome to support those who observed ‘the fourteenth day of the Passover according to the Gospel, deviating in no respect, but following the rule of faith’.
After having eaten the Passover with his Apostles (Matthew 26:17-30; Mark 14:12-16), Jesus asked them: “Keep doing this in remembrance of me.” - Luke 22:19

These words were also rendered as follows: “Do this to remember me.” (American New Living Translation, 2007) or “Do this in memory of me.” (The New American Bible, Revised Edition, 2011) It established a memorial to his sacrificial death, that we also call 'Lord’s evening meal'. - 1 Corinthians 11:20
This is the only annual religious festival that Jesus requested be observed. Some Christians still follow this apostolic model today.


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