Ajoutez à vos favoris
Recommandez LB
the Louvre with the Bible
Jouez avec LouvreBible !
Subcribe to the newsletter !
Great Sphinx The Nile
Leisure Temple
The mummy
Book of the Dead
The Gods
Old and New Kingdom
The writing and scribes
Room Campana
Room of Bronzes


Isis nursing Horus              E 3637

Sully Room 18 showcase 1

Isis and the cult of mother goddesses

The cult of the Mother and Child
was widespread in Egypt.

It was often the mother goddess Isis wearing the crown of the Queen of Heaven and holding the child Horus on her lap.

This image is not unlike that of the Virgin
and Child of Christendom.

It is certain that in art, the figure of Isis nursing

Horus little resembles the Madonna and child.

Isis nursing Horus is a reminiscent image
of the Virgin and Child

"Ancient Egypt has perhaps contributed its share to lavish symbolism of the Catholic Church. And perhaps to Isis, where its function is later patron saint of sailors, the Virgin Mary is the charming epithet of Stella Maris, Star of the Sea "   J.G. Frazer AE54

There seem to be existing coincidences between the catholic church which are most disconcerting. According to the Egyptologist Desroches Noblecourt Ch, ' probably the successors of St. Peter did borrow the old Egyptian ritual '. AE58

In fact, many of the characteristics of different religions, Christian or not, can be explained by a common origin Babylonian. AE59

The Virgin 's Child             RF 3528


first half of the fifteenth century

From the chapel in the vicinity of Uzgorod sub-Carpathian Ukraine

Lime multicolored H. 1 m.

The flowing folds and face are derived from the menu and rounded style of Beautiful Madonnas Austria around 1400.

Acquisition, 1981 Department of Sculptures


The Virgin and the Child

Ephesus was the crucible in which the pagan worship of the goddess-mother was Christian and converted into a fervent devotion to Mary doomed made "Mother of God". AR16  This is the Ephesians the apostle Paul had announced such a drift (Acts 20:17-30, 2 Thessalonians 2:3, note). AR17
In 431 AD, the third ecumenical council held in this city gave Mary the title of ' Theotokos ’, a Greek word meaning ‘ God-bearer '. The use of this title by the Church was a determining factor in the development of the Doctrine of Mary.

Panel of the Virgin at the Annunciation

E 17118

Denon showcase M3 Mezzanine Room B

Dated the fifth century, the Annunciation,
carved and painted wooden fig-
is one of the first ever conducted.

Mary is depicted on a high stool spinning

the purple for the veil of the temple,

with the angel Gabriel’s presence
of which only one leg is visible.

The prototype of the Babylonian Ishtar is the source
of the worship of mother goddesses later


Vase of the goddess Ishtar     AO 17000


Room 3 showcase 5b

Babylonian worship of the Mother and Child
spread through the world.

The worshipers of Ishtar called

"the Holy Virgin" and they begged him to intercede when the gods were angry. A168

The symbolism of the Virgin and Child
strong presence in Egypt
and religions as opposed as
Catholicism and Buddhism

This could be explained by common origin.


This prototype is the source of the Babylonian worship of mother goddesses later.

Essential and ubiquitous in human history,
it is a major theme at the origin of religions and civilizations.  A169



Carte Chronologie Antiquités OrientalesTaureau ApisFin du départementAntiquités Romaines Haut de page