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Sports metaphors in the New Testament

"If anyone in the fight game, it is crowned unless he has fought according to the rules. "" Everyone who competes to control in all things. " The games that the Apostle Paul was referring occupied an important place in the civilization of ancient Greece. In this cultural context, it is not surprising that the authors of the Greek Scriptures have compared the spiritual race of Christians sporting events. An examination of some comparisons with the games is more beneficial. - Ready!
The success of an athlete often depends on the coach. Participants games should affirm under oath that they had spent ten months full preparatory exercises. Christians must also follow a rigorous training. Paul gave this advice: "Train yourself in designed for attachment to God. "(1 Timothy 4:7) And what is this outstanding coach? "The God of all undeserved kindness completed your training, you will farm it will make you strong. "- 1 Peter 5:10
The term "complete your training" comes from a Greek verb meaning 'make someone suitable to its destination, prepare' it can be made by 'prepare, train and equip completely. 'The coaches used two basic approaches: the first encouraged the student to provide the greatest possible physical effort to achieve the best result, and the second was to improve his technique and style AA213.
\ "\"
Sacrifice of a pig

G 112

This ceramic tray Epidromos a painter from the early 5th century BC. BC, is the sacrifice of a pig.
After a sacrifice,

athletes swore

they were trained

for ten months.
In ancient Greece, the masseur also played a role in the training of athletes. His task was to smear their body oil. As oil has a soothing and therapeutic effect, and the Word of God can comfort and heal a Christian athlete 'exhausted. This is the meaning of the words of Jacques disciple (5:13-15, NASB 21): "Is anyone among you sick? He called the elders (..) and pray for him by applying oil in the name of the Lord. "AA217
No curse is
thrown into the Scriptures
the sport.
The apostles are
served to illustrate
their education.
"If someone fight
in games,
it is crowned as
he fought in
rules. "
2 Timothy 2:5
To be eligible
to participate in games,

he had to fill
Much of the success, however, was based on the athlete and his involvement in a rigorous training. To be eligible to participate in the games, it was filled with very strict conditions. The requirements were strict, including abstinence and draconian diet. AA214 AA215
Paul referred to these rules when he wrote to the Christians of Corinth, a city near which the Isthmian Games were held: "Everyone who competes to control in all things. "(1 Corinthians 9:25) and Timothy:" If anyone in the fight game, it is crowned unless he has fought according to the rules. "In the same way, one who participates in the race for life must meet the requirements of God and in particular comply with its standards of morality set out in his Word.
\ "\" <
Pelike red figures
Around 400 av.n.è

G 539
Sully 1 room 47 lives 5
> \ "\"
Belly amphora

E 805
Av.n.è to 560
How to get there? The answer lies in this striking illustration: "My body, I floss and take shots like a slave. "(1 Corinthians 9:27) In tightly controlling his desires and carnal character traits, and Paul fighting to prevent weaknesses from taking over. Sin also comes from a Greek root meaning "to miss the target (goal)," as when launching the javelin (Romans 3:9). And the apostles who rented through the action of the Word of God and the Holy Spirit continued to fight well (1 Corinthians 6:9-11, 1 Peter 4: 3-4). This intensive training is also implied in the phrase "as those who through use have exercised the faculties of perception", literally "the sense organs have been voted as a gymnast." - Hebrews 5:14
Fighter warrior
said Borghese Gladiator
MR 224
Around 100 BC. AD
Denon Galerie Daru room B
\ "\"
Paul shows that he had the mind set
on further
of spiritual goals
in terms imaged in 1 Corinthians 9.

'Brute force
not enough;
you had to have a quick eye and safe
ie make
advantage of the weaknesses of the opponent.

It was carrying out some moves learned in school and surprise his rival by attitudes and movements
"Here's how I manage
my favorites:
I directed
so as not
not beating the air. "
1 Corinthians 9:26
misleading. 'AA216 A personal invitation to identify our weaknesses to us honestly evaluate and ... not to beat the air.

In games, the runners were not weighed down by clothing or equipment. The athletes ran naked. This nudity favored agility, freedom of movement and dexterity. They wore no unnecessary weight that would have made them waste energy. This is Paul's thought: "Reject all burden and run with endurance the race that is set before us. . "(Hebrews 12: 1, TOB, 2010) What kind of weight could hinder our race for life?
"Get rid

also any weight. "

Hebrews 12:1
"Everyone who competes
to control
in all things. "

1 Corinthians 9:25

"I have finished my course. The price of
victory is already prepared for me. "

2 Timothy 4:6

The example contained in 1 Corinthians 4:9 draws probably Roman competitions. Paul and his companions were compared to those who are brought into the arena for the last show. Hebrews 10:32, 33 probably refers to the Roman games. Paul himself may be exposed to the dangers of the Roman games, considering its inclusion in 1 Corinthians 15:32 of 'fighting against wild beasts at Ephesus was. AA219
\ "\" <
Discobole G 111
Sully 1
Campana room 43
> \ "\"
Cutting red figures
G 291 int
Sully 1 room 43 lives 22
\ "\" <
Athlete cutting red figures
G 291 int
Sully 1 room 43 lives 22
> \ "\"
Panathenaic amphora miniature CA 2930
Face B: Runner
Around 400 BC NS
Sully 1 room 44 lives 5
In ancient times, all the foot races were not sprints. Dolichos example was an endurance test .. AA220 The Christian race is too. It is persevering through one receives the prize. Shortly before his death, Paul was able to say: "The time of my departure has come. I have fought the good fight. I have finished my course. I have kept the faith. The price of victory (..) is already prepared for me. "- 2 Timothy 4:6-7, NIV
\ "\"
Victory (Nike) crowning an athlete

G 502
To 400-375 bc
Sully 1 room 39
9 lives: athletic scenes
Nike means victory

in Greek.
the winged goddess
of victory
crowning the winner
In the contest winner received a crown made ​​of leaves and flowers AA218 With this picture in mind, Paul tells the Corinthians. "Did you not know that the runners in a race , all run, but one receives the prize? Run so as to obtain. They do it for a corruptible crown, but we an incorruptible. "(1 Corinthians 9:24,25). What a difference! The same price is offered to all those who complete the race. About this crown of much greater value, the apostle Peter says: "You will receive the crown of glory that can not wither. "- 1 Peter 5:4
Cup \ 's Victorious Charioteer

CA 5920

Fourth - fifth century AD

Denon DRC

1 room 30 vitr
\ "\"
The Greek cities enjoyed sharing
the glory of their athletes. Their return was
acclaimed by
triumphal procession.
This is a metaphor for Paul
"Thanks be
rendered to God
leads us
in a procession
triumphant in
of Christ. "
2 Corinthians 2:14
L \ 'charioteer (driver), winner in the race as the \ palm indicate that \ it is \' s hand and a crown that \ it tends towards the crowd is wearing \ 's wearing a helmet and d \ 'a tunic over which he wears a long-sleeved protective padded held by leather straps. Standing on the body of the car, he proudly leads the chariot represented according to the rules face \ 's Late Antiquity.
The champions of the ancient games were much admired. They were crowned with glory and represented a role model for young athletes. What 'champion' Christians taking to model? Taking the example of the 'witnesses' of the past that were not passive spectators but already riders and models of faith, Paul says, "Let us run with endurance the race that is set before us, while we have our eyes the main agent of our faith: Jesus. "- Hebrews 12:1,2

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