Ajoutez à vos favoris
Recommandez LB
the Louvre with the Bible
Jouez avec LouvreBible !
Subcribe to the newsletter !
Painting of the month
Work of the month
Book of the month
Article of the month
Ancient Mesopotamia
Assyria Nineveh
Arslan Tash Til Barsip
Iran Palace of Darius
Phoenicia Arabia Palmyra
Levant Syrian coast
Ougarit Byblos
Great Sphinx The Nile
Leisure Temple
The mummy
Book of the Dead
Old and New Kingdom
Writing and scribes
Campana room
Room of Bronzes
Caryatids Room
Roman art
Julio-Claudian Period
Late Antiquity
Gaul, Africa and Syria
Thematic visit
Search a work
Research theme
Entertaining visit
Did you know - 1
Did you know - 2
Did you know - 3
More information ?
Order the book
Print Purchase Order
Contact us

Google translation
Gods & Wounds Egypt (2)
According to Herodotus, the Egyptians are the most religious men. In Egypt, religion was the basis of everything, and dominated everything. The ten plagues expressed God's judgment against "all the gods Egypt" (Exodus 12:12). And after the defeat of Pharaoh, Moses sings: "Who is like you among the gods, Yahweh? "- Exodus 15: 11 (Bayard).
Small illustrated dictionary of Egyptian gods concerned.

Hapi, Isis, Thoueris, Sobek, Thoth, Heka, Khnum, Geb, Buto, Hatmehyt, Horus, Sothis, Hathor, Apis, Nut, Hequet

Amon-Ra, Bes Cabbage Reshpou, Tefnet, Kouk, Khonsu, Raet, Aton, Khepri, Atum, Min, Renenutet, Nepri

\ "\"

(1) Water turned to blood, (2) Frogs (3) Mosquitoes (4) Flies spicy (5) African livestock

(6) Boils,
(7) Thunder and hail (8) Grasshoppers
(9) Dark opaque (10) Death of the Firstborn

The two gods believed to possess the power to heal, could impede the 6th wound, "boils light bulbs, which were erupting on men and beasts," and even "the magician-priests" (Ex. 9 : 10,11). Include Thoth, Isis, Ptah, Amon-Ra and Sekhmet, goddess to the ambivalent nature of a lioness, which spreads and cures diseases.

"Take handfuls of soot \ a furnace. Moses will launch \ 's air in the presence of Pharaoh. The soot will fall into dust on \ Egypt. Across the country, it will produce on men and beasts boils evolving into ulcers. [...] And Moses and Aaron took soot and went to Pharaoh. Moses threw it \ 's air. It caused the men and beasts boils evolving into ulcers. "- Exodus 9:8-11

The verses are from the Bible in French current 1997 edition

Medical Papyrus E 32847. This unique medical papyri of the New Kingdom (1550-1050 BC. AD) is the world's second known by its dimensions (7 meters), the number and width of text that door. It is written on both sides continuously but by two different scribes. These texts related to sizes indirectly provide an unexpected light on the passage from the Book of Exodus on the plagues of Egypt. They show the importance of pustules at both pathological and religious. They detail the combination of the worst of them with the god Khonsu. The editor of the Biblical text was undoubtedly aware of this link (Temporary exhibition, Richelieu wing, July 2007). This papyrus Louvre is not yet exposed.
\ "\"
Khonsu E 4109
Third Period
1069 - 664 BC
Room 18 showcase 1

\ "\"
Khonsu falcon-headed E 3720
Late Period,
664-332 BC

bronze inlaid \ gold
At Thebes, Khonsu is the son \ 'AMON and MOUT, known especially from the late New Kingdom, for its healing powers and address to ward off evil spirits. At the \ 'original \' s a moon god, master of time, which has years of men. It occurs most often as a man fitting clothing, wearing the sidelock own children and the lunar disk hair growing included in a disc. It may also have a falcon head and be with disc and double feather.

"The Lord said to Moses," Get your arms to the sky! That hail \ 's come upon the whole \ Egypt, on men, on cattle and all cultures of the country. "Moses raised his staff toward the sky. The Lord unleashed thunder and hail lightning \ 's fell \' s first on the ground, then the Lord sent the hail on the land. Throughout their history, the Egyptians don \ 'had never seen such a violent hailstorm, accompanied \' s such a lightning. In \ whole country, hail struck all who were in the fields, men or beasts it hacha cultures and shattered the trees. "- Exodus 9:22-25

Were attributed to the gods Chou Reshpou Tefnet and control elements. They were powerless against thunder and hail that hit men, animals and vegetation, and "broke every tree of the field" during the 7th plague (Exodus 9:25). This wound, and the next (grasshoppers), inflicted a defeat to the god of fertility, Min, protector of crops. Worshiped in historic times as a man's erect penis, fertility countries is renewed at its annual festival. Is also concerned the goddess of the harvest, Renenutet, mother of the god of grain, Nepri.
\ "\"
<CHOU AF 195
Late Period,
664-332 BC siliceous faience

Ground floor living room 18 1

\ "\"
drawn to sex
E 4073
Late Period,

1 living room 18

"The names of the gods tell us little about the Egyptian concept of God, but the accumulation of names, syncretism and interchangeability of epithets lead directly to the problem of the One and the many. And the multiplicity of forms in addition to the "fuzziness" of the conception of the divine. [...] These gods do not come with such a clear and well defined than the Greek gods in nature. The design is fluid here, unfinished moving. This fluid does not leave room for monotheism. "AA153, AA154

Egyptian religion, which will retain its plurality of gods to the end,
never became a monotheistic faith. AA155

"The Lord said to Moses," Get your arms to the sky! What \ 's darkness spread on \ Egypt, so thick that \' you can touch dark. "Moses raised his arms to the sky. Then total darkness reigned for three days on \ Egypt. [...] By cons, it was clear in the area where the Israelites lived. "- Exodus 10:21-23

In the 9th, "opaque darkness began to occur in all the land of Egypt for three days." (Ex 10:21,22.). Several Egyptian gods can assume the role of solar and lunar god. Kouk include 'Darkness', Khonsu, lunar god in human form and Thoth, moon god and messenger of the gods.
\ "\"
OSIRIS lunar god
<5109 N
Late Period,
664-332 BC bronze Serapeum
Ground floor living room 18 1
\ "\"
HORUS E 7978
Ancient god of the sky,
its close relationship with the sun god and later Osiris and Isis favored new associations.
\ "\"
<L \ 'ibis of Thoth
E 9325

Ground floor living room 7 2

\ "\"
in baboon>
AF 2390
Ground floor living room 9 6
Re is the largest and most widespread of the sun god name. It is combined with syncretic so many other gods. Represented in human form, he traveled the day in a boat across the sky, and at night through the underworld. Raet is the women's doubles. . She is portrayed in the guise of a woman with cow horns and sun disk Aten, 'solar disk', was worshiped as a deity until the New Empire raised by Akhnaton to the rank of one god and exclusive. One could also mention Khepri, the morning manifestation of the sun god, represented as a scarab and Atum, revered as the manifestation of the universal evening sun god.
\ "\"
RÊ falcon-headed
E 5799
New Kingdom and Third Intermediate Period
1550 - 664 BC
\ "\"

N 4404
New Empire
1550 - 1069 BC C
RÊ (or RÂ) is the sun, which gives
life to all men, that illuminates
the country of its beauty, the lord of the sky. Him mingle many gods, which may have an independent existence, as AMON
but often are only
phases, forms, names
of Re. Aton, the solar disk,
all is visible by its shape.
Amon, king of the gods,
he is the lord of temples
Karnak and Luxor.
Under his name \ Amun-Ra,
it is the sun that gives life to the country, under the name of \ Amun-Min. It is most often depicted as a man wearing the royal kilt and wearing two tall straight plumes.

"At midnight, the Lord slew all the firstborn of \ Egypt, as well as the eldest son of Pharaoh king \ Egypt, the eldest son of the prisoner confined in the prison, and the first among the cattle. "- Exodus 24:29

What clamor when the firstborn died suddenly! "There was not a house where there was not one dead", even the "big house" of Pharaoh (Exodus 12:29,30). Pharaoh boasted of being the son of the sun god Ra, the unexpected death of his firstborn was actually the death of a god. What crushing defeat for Bes, protector of the royal house, and Buto, which protected the king against his enemies! And if we think that the ram was dedicated to Amon-Ra, the "King of the Gods," the Egyptians have been horrified to see the Jews sprinkle the blood of the Passover lamb on their door jamb. -Ex. 12:6,7
\ "\"
E 10929
Ase V shaped Bes
Late Period,
664-332 BC siliceous faience
\ "\"
BES with multiple attributes divine N 5141
Late Period,
664-332 BC

"Go get your kids or lambs for your families and kill them for the feast of the Passover. Take a bunch of \ 's branches hyssop, dip it in the container with the blood of the victim, and put in the two uprights and the upper beam of the door \ entry. Therefore, and up \ 'in the morning, so that nobody from his house. The Lord will go to punish the Egyptians, but when \ he sees the blood on the doorposts and the beam, it will not allow the destroyer of evil into your homes. You and your descendants, you always observe these requirements. "- Exodus 12:21-24

This enamel plate Champlevé 12th century is
a prominent Jewish
with its gate
the blood of a lamb.
The work recalls the issuance
the people in the time of Moses,
and "Passover sacrifice,
for Yahweh, who spent
beyond the houses
son of Israel, when he
hit Egypt. "

- Exodus 12:27 (Bayard).
\ "\"
The Passover
N 1150
Meuse Valley
To 1160-1170
Richelieu first Suger
Room 2 Case 3
And Pharaoh earthly incarnation of the god Horus, the heir to the kingdom of Atum, son of the sun god Ra? Ten times dishonored, he rushes madly in pursuit of the Israelites. But he perished in the Red Sea by the hand of God against whom he was high (Exodus 14:19-28, Psalm 136:15). As a biblical scholar will point out, "The tenth plague bursts of the most compelling and most painful the plan that God had to pull his people at the hands of his persecutors. The latter wound could not stop and was incurable. God exercised this particular severity to burn in the heart of the Egyptians the idea of ​​his power, his absolute dominion over nature, its superiority over all the gods worshiped by the nations, and the kindness he heard testimony the people he is particularly attached. "AA158
Yes Yahweh "knows how to deliver the test those who are attached to him. "- 2 Peter 2:9, Bible of the sower.

To short Visit

To normal Visit

Oriental Antiquities    Oriental Antiquities Departement
Egyptian Antiquities    Egyptian Antiquities Departement
Roman Antiquities    Roman Antiquities Departement