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Google translation
Gods & Wounds \ 's Egypt
According to Herodotus, the Egyptians are the most religious men. In Egypt, religion was the basis of everything, and dominated everything. The ten plagues expressed God's judgment against "all the gods of Egypt" (Exodus 12:12). And after the defeat of Pharaoh, Moses sings: "Who is like you among the gods, Yahweh? "- Exodus 15: 11 (Bayard).

Small illustrated dictionary of Egyptian gods concerned.
Hapi, Isis, Thoueris, Sobek, Thoth, Heka, Khnum, Geb, Buto, Hatmehyt, Horus,
Sothis, Hathor, Apis, Nut,

Hequet, Amon-Ra, Bes Cabbage Reshpou, Tefnet, Kouk, Khonsu, Raet, Aton, Khepri, Atum, Min,
Renenutet, Nepri,
\ "\"
(1) Water turned to blood, (2) Frogs
(3) Mosquitoes
(4) Flies spicy,
(5) African livestock

(6) Boils,
(7) Thunder and hail,
(8) Grasshoppers
(9) Dark opaque
(10) Death of the Firstborn
The first plague, the change in blood of the Nile and all the waters of Egypt (Exodus 7:19-21), dishonors Hapi, the god of the flood. The waters are subject to the authority of the gods with the appearance of crocodiles, particularly Sobek who is the lord of the fish, while Aries god Khnum is the boss of the first cataract. Fish kills Nile as a blow to the religion of the Egyptians, because they worshiped, and even mummified fish species.

"Then the Lord said to Moses," Command Aaron to take his staff and \ extend the arm in the direction of all courses \ water \ 's Egypt, rivers, canals, ponds and even, so that their water became blood. There will be blood and across the country, even in vessels of wood or stone. . "Moses and Aaron did as the Lord commanded them: in the presence of Pharaoh and his entourage, Aaron raised his staff and struck the \ Nile water, and this water was turned into blood. Fish and gouged out the river became so foul that the Egyptians could not drink more \ 's water. Across the country, there was blood. "- Exodus 7: 19-21

The verses are from the Bible in French current 1997 edition

\ "\"
Hapi E 4874

Ground floor room window 3 4
Represented with a chest
generous and a large abdomen,
the genius of the Nile flood is wearing three papyrus emerging from the water.
This is the hieroglyph which means the Delta,
Lower Egypt (No. 4613, 7 room window 6).

The genius of the flood is sometimes depicted holding in each hand two vases
which was filled with water. It is the evocation
mythical sources of the Nile, lurking in
a cave surrounded by snake on earth.

This image is the origin of the zodiacal sign
of Aquarius.
\ "\"
Fish Schilbe mystus wood: E 43
Late Period, 664-332 BC
Rdch Room 3 lives 2
Schilbe mystus (uranoscopus) is a fish goddess of the city of Mendes, Hatmehyt. It \ 's the fish \' s standard of nome (administrative region) of Mendes. AA156
There is a striking absence of personification of channels or bodies of water in the Egyptian pantheon. The 'gods of the Nile', more recently qualified 'figures of fertility' embody the general concepts of abundance and its causes. There is no god of the Nile, a god or lakes. The only figure of fertility acquired an independent existence as a deity was that of the flood, Hapi. Only Sothis, the bright star Sirius, also enjoyed a cult as qu'annonciatrice the flood.

"The Lord said to Moses," Command Aaron to reach out and run his stick to the rivers, canals and ponds, so frogs invade \ Egypt. "Aaron stretched out his arm in the direction of being \ water \ 's Egypt. Frogs out and covered it in the country. "

The 2nd plague (Exodus 8:1-6) discredits Hequet , the frog-headed goddess and symbol of fertility. This wound also humiliates the creator gods, often anonymous. The god-frog and the frog goddess reputed to have played a key role in the creation of the world. As the plague of frogs she humbled, not only the fertility gods - as Osiris, Ptah and Sebek -., But also the creator gods indeed often anonymous AA153

"The Lord said to Moses," Command Aaron \ 's expanding his staff and strike the dust of the ground, so it \' becomes mosquitoes throughout \ Egypt. "Moses and Aaron obeyed Aaron stretched out his arm and, with his staff and struck the dust of the ground it turned into mosquitoes covered men and beasts. Across the country, the dust was turned into mosquitoes. The Egyptian magicians resorted to their power to repel mosquitoes, but they failed; mosquitoes continued \ 's attack humans and animals. Then the magicians said to Pharaoh, "It \ 's the power of God in the \ work! "- Exodus 8 :12-15

\ "\"
Changing into a serpent Moses and Aaron's rod Inv 7274
About 1645 Nicolas Poussin

Richelieu 2nd room 14
Moses, wanting to convince Pharaoh to let his people out of Egypt, in his presence changed Aaron's rod into a serpent. The Pharaoh's magicians imitated the miracle magic but the snakes were devoured by that of Moses.
Moses and the magicians
before Pharaoh
OA 5707

Second curtain of history
Moses 1685 - 1689
Paris Wool, silk, gold

According to Nicolas Poussin Les Andelys,
1594 - Rome, 1665
\ "\"
This 3rd wound is a blow to the god Thoth, the master of occult sciences, as he was unable to help the magician-priests to replicate the miracle of Aaron transform dust mosquitoes that will torment man and beast (Ex 8 :16-18). Impotence which also concerns the god Geb, god of the earth, Heka, 'magic', Isis, goddess multiforme, mother of Horus, it protects hazards thanks to its role as a magician or Taurt 'The Great' goddess protective popular evidenced by countless amulets.
\ "\"
The Goddess Isis

E 25949
Sully 1 room 30 lives 10

\ "\"
Heka, god of magic

E 4875
Late Period
(664-332 BC.)
siliceous faience

\ "\"
The god Thoth baboon

AF 2390 Carnelian
Ground floor living room 9 6

\ "\"
\ 's the ibis god Thoth
E 9325

Ground floor living room 7 2


The 4th wound, the horseflies (Ex 8:20-24), sees the establishment of a line between the land of Goshen, land of Lower Egypt, where the Jewish community lived, and the rest of the country; and the superiority of Yahweh upon the disciples magicians Thoth. Buto, a tutelary goddess, and the god Horus are unable to control the evolution of the situation in this region, they were yet protective. The Hebrew word was also made ​​by 'fly' or 'beetle' (Beaumont, Crampon 1905); insect Egyptians considered sacred.

"I provoke an invasion of biting flies on you, your entourage, your people and your palate. They fill the houses \ Egypt and cover the ground in the country. However, that day, I'll make an exception for the region of Goshen, where my people dwell: you don \ 'will find none of these biting flies. And you shall know that I, the Lord, I am present even in your country [...] The biting flies invaded mass Pharaoh's palace, the homes of people around him and the whole \ Egypt. The country was devastated. "- Exodus 8:17-20

"The Lord God of the Hebrews, t \ 'orders to let his people that \' he can worship him. If you refuse, if you persist in retaining the Lord will speak against thy cattle grazing in the countryside: a violent plague \ 's fall on your horses, your donkeys, the camels, your cattle, your sheep and your goats [...] So the next day that the Lord does what \ 'he announced, all the cattle of Egypt were destroyed, but no beast of the Israelites died. "- Exodus 9:1-6

The wound 5th, dealing a deadly plague in all kinds of livestock (Ex 9:6), humiliates deities like Hathor, the cow-headed goddess, Apis bull worshiped at Memphis from the Archaic period, herald of the god Ptah Khnum, the ram-headed god, and Nut, the sky goddess whom the Egyptians consider a cow stomach which are attached to star.
\ "\"
Hathor in the shape of cow

E 2451

Late Period, 664-332 BC

bronze and wood

Ground floor living room 18 1
KHNOUM E 10579

Late Period, 664-332 BC

Room 18 showcase 1
\ "\"
\ "\"
The Apis bull N 390
Sully room 19
Reign of Nectanebo I? (379-361 BC), 30th dynasty Serapeum of Saqqara
This old painted limestone statue was discovered in a chapel on the long processional way leading to
Apis catacombs.
Dendera Zodiac D 38

Room 12a
In Egyptian mythology, Nut was the goddess personifying the sky. It is widely represented in the guise of a woman with a very elongated body bent over the earth.

It sometimes takes the appearance of a giant cow.
\ "\"
As a biblical scholar will point out, "These ten plagues have a natural side. This gives them a miraculous, clear and unquestionable character is that they are timely, as a sanction for the word of God, in circumstances announced in advance. They occur in the order announced by Moses, when he predicted, the way he expressed it ceases when he orders. The Egyptians never will challenge the extraordinary, they accept these signs as proof of the divine mission of Moses. "AA157
These plagues sent by God were undoubtedly a humiliating blow to the Egyptian religion. And even though the scribes did not hesitate to eliminate their chronic everything that could displease their pharaohs and their gods, was found a story that strangely resembles the Hebrew Torah. The papyrus \ 's Ipuwer contains an ancient Egyptian poem called admonitions \ 's Ipuwer.

The Ipuwer Papyrus, an Egyptian story of the ten plagues of \ Egypt?
It is possible, and even more interesting than the original copy
would almost contemporary events.

Its official name is Papyrus Leiden I 344 recto. It is preserved at the Museum of National Antiquities in Leiden Netherlands Netherlands. The only surviving manuscript dates from the late thirteenth century, it \ 's to say, the earlier of the end of the nineteenth dynasty so during the Egyptian New Kingdom. The dating of the composition of the original poem is debated, but many experts have suggested a date between the end of the VI dynasty and the Second Intermediate Period (-1850 to -1600).

Papyrus Ipuwer and the Book \ 's Exodus can compare items of two ancient journalists \' s Egyptian and \ other Hebrew horrified and helpless at the same inexplicable catastrophe assistant.

Small dictionary of the gods

Sully Ground floor Room 18 showcase 1

\ "\"

To short Visit

To normal Visit

Oriental Antiquities    Oriental Antiquities Departement
Egyptian Antiquities    Egyptian Antiquities Departement
Roman Antiquities    Roman Antiquities Departement