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History of the Louvre

 
In 1973, the same year that Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette were taken to the guillotine, the revolutionary government opened in the former royal palace of the Louvre museum which will become one of the largest in the world. This palace, where the kings of France stayed episodically from Philip Augustus to 1682, now offers an exhibition area of ​​almost two hectares in three see four floors. Brief review of the history of the Louvre.
               
 
The Middle Ages represented
to Paris that the Tower of London
was for the English capital:
a fortified tower on the bank
of the river.

For a long time this fortress used
as a prison and arsenal.

It is then at the western end
of the city, outside walls.
               
 
History of the construction
of the Louvre

 
1200: the fortress of Philippe Auguste
1300: Charles V, the royal residence
1570: François 1, the Tuileries Palace
1600: Henry IV, the grand design
1680: Louis XIV, the Cour Carree
1810: Napoleon  Carousel
1870 Napoleon III, the New Louvre
1990: Mitterrand, the Grand Louvre
 

History of the construction of the Louvre

For those who want to better understand the structure of the Louvre, it is best to enter through the east. A bridge crosses the moat and provides access to the vast Square courtyard. A tower stood in its southwest corner; it was built by Philip II Augustus.
               
  A new speaker (along
the Seine and west) isolates
the Louvre area that is populated
Building of the church
Fifteen-Twenty, founded by
Saint Louis.
Charles V
did decorate and
redesign the castle into
a country residence.
               
François 1er
shaved the dungeon;

right, the construction
the Tuileries Palace
is carried out by
Catherine de Medici
1570.
 
               
  Henry begins the "grand design":
that is to say the meeting
the palace of the Louvre and
the Tuileries,
evidenced by the construction of the Petite Galerie, business in the reign
Charles IX, and the Grand Hall,
which extends along the Seine.
               
 
Louis XIV takes up this great design,
multiplying by four the surface of the
Square courtyard,
revise the small gallery
and restructuring the Tuileries Palace,
which now dominates the large garden designed by Le Nôtre.
But the abandonment of the Louvre
for Versailles stop site
               
 
Napoleon seeks to link Louvre
Tuileries and the side of the Rue de Rivoli newly pierced. But the wing Rohan remains unfinished.
The triumphal arch
Carrousel is erected in 1806.
Around 1870, the new Louvre Napoleon III forms a quadrilateral connecting the two palaces.
               
  A wide range of courses
Interior tries to restore unity between the two Pali different orientation.
The burning of the Tuileries palace in
1871 and its destruction will open
a new perspective to the garden.
In 1981 will be made the decision to release the Richelieu wing occupied by the Ministry of Finance for a century.
               
The renovation work undertaken by François Mitterrand in the 1990s are going to make this former palace of the kings of France Grand Louvre, and the most beautiful museum in the world.
               
 
A review date under the Empire

RF 60
 
Basically, the Arc de Triomphe
du Carrousel and the Tuileries.

1862

Hippolyte BELLANGER

Paris, 1800 - Paris, 1866

               
Painted under Napoleon III (Figures by Bellanger, architecture by Dauzats), this painting evokes the Paris of Napoleon. Seat of imperial power, the Tuileries Palace, destroyed after the 1871 fire, stretched between the pavilions of Flora and Marsan, to the west of the Louvre.
               
The Pont-Neuf in Paris,
with the right

Pump the Samaritan woman,

1755

RF 1971-1913
 
Sully Mezzanine

History of the Louvre Room 1

 
               
In 1755, between the Pont Neuf and the Louvre, we see the Hotel du Petit-Bourbon. Then the density of the Louvre Palace has a distinctive façade overlooking the garden of the Infanta before Gabriel redesign work. One can observe the high roofs of King flag, flag and Clock of Beauvais.

Raguenet probably employs a room, that is to say an optical instrument to trace and place all buildings. These tables become a mine of information and details on the picturesque Paris of the eighteenth century.




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Oriental Antiquities    Oriental Antiquities Departement
Egyptian Antiquities    Egyptian Antiquities Departement
Roman Antiquities    Roman Antiquities Departement