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Devil and Demons

The origin of evil has intrigued thinkers from earliest times. "The most beautiful Devil's trick is to persuade you that there is not," wrote Charles Baudelaire. By concealing his identity, the Devil has also raised doubts about the existence of God. So the principle of evil, dark side of the divine personality or real person? Reflection with a brief career in the halls and in the texts.

 The Temptation of Christ MI 285

Ary Scheffer      Dordrecht (Netherlands), 1795

2 floor Chassériau Sully room 63
Commissioned for the Luxembourg Gallery
in 1849, this large canvas served ten
last years of life Scheffer.
The numerous expansions and show repentance
well incessant changes the artist has made
to its composition.
Only the face of Christ,
any loan a metaphysical smoothly,
never retouched by the painter.
If the devil was a principle of evil,
how to explain the episode
of temptation of Jesus?
A such entity could have been able to offer such an entity 'all the kingdoms of the world' ? Either Christ would he have been tempted by a bad thought or be overwhelmed by an internal conflict? If that were the case, how does one has been able to say: "There is no sin in him" (1 John 3: 5). Instead of denying the power of the Devil on humans, Jesus rather confirmed; he called “the ruler of the world” (John 14:30). Later, the apostle John remind tha “the whole world is lying in the power of the wicked one” (1 John 5:19), and the powerful influence of the 'who is misleading the inhabited earth.'

Devil, principle of evil, dark side of
the divine personality or real person?


Job on the dung OA 966

Milieu du XVIe siècle Limoges Émail peint sur cuivre Richelieu 1er étage salle 15 vit 3

The misfortunes of Job      MR 2458

Pierre Courteys    Coupe couverte, Email peint
Richelieu 1er étage salle 20 vit 1
The Devil would it be only the principle of evil? Such a statement makes other biblical passages incomprehensible. Thus, Job 2: 1-6, with whom God was there a conversation? He was talking to himself? Besides this story, far from presenting the Devil as a ally of God calls for the first time in the holy text hasSatan, 'the opponent', giving it personal.
The Devil
a principle of evil?
« Satan also entered
among them »
 Job 1:6

 A such statement
make certain
  biblical passages
 « So down the great dragon
was hurled, the original serpent,
the one called Devil and Satan

  Révélation 12:7-12.

The belief in demons-gods back to the wholes early history of Mesopotamia. The ancient Babylonians believed that the underworld, "the land of no return," was led by Nergal, a violent god called "the one who burns. " They also feared demons, they tried to appease by means of magic incantations. AA141

 Demon Humbaba

AO 9034
Richelieu room 3
case 6 (31)
Often figured so repulsive,
this demon was
supposed protect against
evil influences.
were often placed
at the entrance
of the building.
In Egyptian mythology,
Seth was the god of evil;

it represented "in the guise
of a fantastic animal,
the small nose,
curved with straight ears squarely cut and
a stiff forked tail."

Even if they had good
and evil gods,
Greeks and Romans had no specific evil god

Their philosophers taught the existence of two opposing principles. For Empedocles, they were Love and Hate. For Plato, the world had two "souls", one that was causing good and the other evil. As explained Georges Minois, "classical pagan Greco-Roman religion ignores the devil."  AA140
Statue of the devil
Assyrian Pazuzu     

MNB 467   
Richelieu room 6 shcase 4
This work is
beautiful testimony
the art of bronze Assyrians.
The terrifying aspect
of this hybrid monster
is the expression
of his evil power.
His tail scorpion,
his monstrous facies
its wings
its greenhouses
raptor suggest its membership
in supernatural world.
An inscription identifying
Pazuzu covers the rear wings.
'King of evil spirits winds',
it is specifically responsible
for spread
epidemics. AA142

Statue of the devil Assyrian Pazuzu

No history book written by man can say exactly what happened originally because the trouble started in heaven. In the many visions of the spirit world we relate the Bible, angels are mentioned more than 400 times. (Genesis 3: 1-5) speaks of an angel who opposed God; the last book of the Bible reveals his identity, the “original serpent, the one called Devil and Satan, and his angels were hurled down with him [on earth] "(Revelation 12: 9). This powerful angel, who used a serpent to speak to Eve, turned into the devil, or 'Slanderer'.

The Bible clearly teaches
the notion of evil spiritual
creatures holding
of superhuman powers.

 " You believe that there is
one God, do you? Yo are doing
quite well. And yet the demons
believe and shudder "
- James 2:19

Angels are mentioned more than 400 times in the Bible

The Bible says that other angels followed Satan in his rebellion (Genesis 6: 1-2); we talk about it as "angels that sinned (2 Peter 2: 4) or 'who did not keep their original position" (Jude 6). They have subsequently been called 'demons' (Jacques 2:19) and they are the source of supernatural and occult practices (Actes16: 16-18). God's Law strictly forbade contact with demons. "There should not be found in you anyone who employs divination, anyone practicing magic, (...), a sorcerer, anyone binding others with a spell, anyone who consults a spirit medium+ or a fortune-teller,+ or anyone who inquires of the dead.” (Deuteronomy 18:11).
This was the case with Saul.
The shadow of Samuel
appearing to Saul
at the Witch of Endor
inv 584
Salvator Rosa


Denon 1st Floor Room 13

The biblical subject is drawn
from First Book of Samuel (28, 6-14):
worried about the outcome of
the battle he was about to deliver
the Philistines, Saul, king of Israel,
consulted a sorceress who
summoned the shadow of Samuel;

terrified, he learned that shadow
that God had abandoned him and
that David would succeed him
In the Greek Scriptures, we do not find that once the current word which means demon (daimon) in Matthew 8:31; Furthermore there is the word Daimonion. It has a broad sense
and relates to the intervention of higher powers, in good as in evil. The Greek word pneuma,
which has the sensd'esprit, sometimes called evil spirits as in Matthew 8:16. The Apostle Paul
drove a servant "a spirit, a demon of divination which provided a good gain to her masters
by practicing the art of prediction." (Acts 16:16). .
Pan      My 266, MR 193
Sully Caryatids room 17

The god Pan is represented
here sitting on a rock with his feet
a curved stick that allows
him to catch hares.
His legendary ugliness is worth
it often repulsed. The fear it inspires
is at the origin of the word panic.
He is depicted as a man with legs
and goat horns. According to Herodotus (II, 46), the cult of Pan began in Egypt where
it was common to worship the goat.

The term "shaped demons goat '
used in the Bible is perhaps an allusion
this form of pagan worship.

-Lévitique 17: 7; 2 Chronicles 11:15. 

The god pan and the devil with horns

 The god Pan,

 Originally design a devil

with horns and a pointed tail

  Some, shape half-man half-goat god,
and work of the Italian poet Dante Alighieri,
the Inferno, influenced the imagination
of artists of the Middle Ages;
and the design of a devil with horns
and a pointed tail. AR3
Such representation is more likely
to cast doubt on the existence of mind,
that the Bible presents many times as a real person. The Scriptures give no physical description of the Devil, even if it is described as 'serpent' or depicted as a 'dragon' voracious (Revelation 12: 9). The last book of the Bible, the "revelation of Jesus Christ" contains a prophetic warning about the activity of the demons on earth (Revelation 1: 1). And explains the origin of evil on the earth: "And war broke out in heaven: Michael and his angels battled with the dragon, [...] So down the great dragon was hurled, the original serpent, the one called Devil and Satan,  who is misleading the entire inhabited earth; [...] His angels (demons) were hurled down with him. That's why [...] woe to the earth. - Revelation 12: 7-12.
 Saint Michael slaying the demon, Inv 610
Denon 1st Floor
Grand Hall Room 8

Commissioned in 1518 by Pope Leo X for the benefit of Francis. The theme of
the Archangel Michael slaying the demon flattery
towards the Order of
St. Michael, whose king
was Grand Master

Fontaine Saint Michel 
<     Paris
Do not believe in the devil or demons or thinking that playing with virtual dragons or elves is harmless, it does not take into account what the Bible says. It clearly teaches the notion of evil spiritual creatures holding of superhuman powers.

Christians must therefore conduct a struggle "against the world rulers of this darkness, against the wicked spirit forces in the heavenly places." - Ephesians 6:12.


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