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Painting by Jean Restout

This huge painting with curved and wider originally was painted for the refectory of the abbey of Saint-Denis. The apostles surrounding the Virgin receive the Holy Spirit (invisible here) sparks that give them the gift of tongues to go evangelize the world. It was transfered to the Louvre in 1944

La Pentecôte       inv 20303     Jean Restout,  Rouen 1692         Sully 2ème étage  salle 43


Pentecost comes from
the Greek pentekoste
fiftieth. This is also the
Feast of Weeks or Shavuot

 Now while the day of the Festival
of Pentecost was in progress,
they were all together at the same place.
Suddenly there was a noise
from heaven, just like that of a rushing,
stiff breeze, and it filled the whole house
where they were sitting. And tongues
as if of fire became visible to them
and were distributed, and one came
to rest on each one of them,
 and they
all became filled with holy spirit and
started to speak in different languages,
just as the spirit enabled them to speak."
- Acts 2: 1-4

 Pentecost was
an annual jewish festival
that marked the end of
the barley harvest and
the beginning of
the wheat. 

Pentecost (Greek pentekoste fiftieth) was among the Jews an annual festival marking the end of the barley harvest and the beginning of the wheat. It is also called "the day of the first ripe fruits" (Numbers 28:26), and the Greek Scriptures is the name used for the Feast of Harvest (Exodus 11:16) or Feast of Weeks. - Exodus 34:22.
In the Jewish calendar,
Shavuot unfolded 'seven full weeks after Passover from 16 Nisan,
the day when we offered
the sheaf of barley.
- Leviticus 11:15
If Passover was observed
in the family, However
this party demanded generosity
and hospitality more
wide and like this regard
the Feast of Tabernacles.
It was a time of rejoicing, as evidenced by the communion sacrifice presented by the congregation and was offered to the priest. According to Jewish tradition, the day of Pentecost correspond to that when the law was given to Moses at Sinai when Israel became a people apart. The apostle Paul draws a comparison of this event by saying that the Christians 'holy nation (1 Peter 2: 9), a' kind of firstfruits "to God (Jacques 1:18), met on a Mount Zion heavenly, as part of a new covenant (Hebrews 12: 18-24; Luke 22:20). Some biblical scholars, this feast would therefore also a symbolic meaning.

 Pentecost Monday,
as Easter Monday,

has no meaning in
relation to the Bible

The languages ​​were not really
of fire, but as of fire,
indicating that the observable manifestation upon each disciple
had the appearance of fire.

The feast of Pentecost and the Holy Spirit

The ' Holy Spirit ' :
Third person
Of the

Christian Trinity?


In the Catholic tradition, the feast of Pentecost is a special opportunity to celebrate the 'Holy Spirit', third person of the Christian Trinity. Christianized version of the Jewish holiday, we do not find any trace of its observance in the Christian communities in the first centuries. It is established that from the fourth century  AE52, AA130
 The Bible compares
the spirit of holy water
which may be common
"They were all became filled
with holy Spirit"

Acts 2:4 

In one episode only reported by John, Jesus announces that he will send the Holy Spirit, he calls the Paraclete or assistant. "But the helper, the holy spirit, which the Father will send in my name, that one will teach you all things and bring back to your minds all the things I told you." - John 14:26
Can we "spread"

one in others? 

The Bible compares the spirit to water saint. "For I will pour out water on the thirsty oneAnd flowing streams on the dry ground.I will pour out my spirit on your offspringAnd my blessing on your descendants." (Isaiah 44: 3). When God pours out His Holy Spirit on his servants, the Bible says they are 'full of holy spirit' or 'holy spirit filled'. Thus, John the Baptist, Jesus, Peter, Paul and Barnabas were filled or filled with the Holy Spirit. This was also the case of disciples gathered at Pentecost 33.  - Luke 1:15; 4: 1; Acts 4: 8; 9:17; 11:24

A symbolic Use ? 

Can we "spread" a person over others? Certainly the Bible speaks of humans who are full of the spirit of wisdom (Exodus 28: 3), full of intelligence (1 Kings 7:14) and even exact knowledge (Colossians 1: 9), but n 'There is never a question of a person who is full of another. The Greek word for "spirit" is pneuma, which evokes the power and invisibility. According to a Bible dictionary, the word pneuma "is usually the wind [...] or breath; and in a narrow sense, the mind, like the wind, is invisible, immaterial and powerful. AA131


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