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Google translation
Deportation, genocide and survival of the Word
Moses, Esther, Antiochus IV, Nero. Four names, four periods of biblical history marked by attempts at genocide. Also marked by the survival of the Word.
When the writing of the Bible began, Israel was only a minor nation among the many peoples of the Middle East. And the Hebrews were not the only ones to compose religious books. All these writings, however, did not have the same destiny as the majority of them are now forgotten, the fact that the Hebrew Bible has survived gives it exceptional. Communities from which it originated underwent tests so severe that its survival is remarkable. History mentions several attempts at genocide and deportation directed against Israel, these guardians of the Word. Route in the museum.
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Moses saved from the waters of RF 3790 Nicolas Largillierre Paris, 1728 Sully 2nd room 34. The female figures in contemporary dress and the presence of pet dogs give this biblical theme a little light through.
Moses saved from the water OA x 5705
Second hanging \ 's Story of Moses
Wool, silk, or D \ 'after Nicolas Poussin Paris Gobelins 1685
The days of Moses, Pharaoh ordered all newborn Jewish male is put to death. Against the \ 'order of his father who ordered the death of all male Hebrew children, Pharaoh's daughter took pity on the young Moses found in a basket floating on the Nile. If this order had been executed, the Hebrew people had disappeared. -V-Exodus 1:15 -/v-
Moses saved from the waters RF 3937  
Niccolò dell \ ABATE
Modena, 1509 or 1512
Denon Grand Hall Room 8
Moses saved from the waters inv 4527 Charles PIT
Paris, 1701 Sully 2nd floor room with its golden color 35 \ 's Venetian inspiration and refined grace of his figures, the table shows the relaxation that bends \' s art at the end of the reign of Louis XIV.
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While the Hebrews were divided into two kingdoms, Assyria came almost wipe out the northern kingdom. The Babylonians destroyed thereafter the South and deported the people, of which only one is returned 70 years later. The Bible records the forced population movements defeated. Tiglath-Pileser III and carried the people of "Gilead, of Galilee, all the land of Napthali in exile in Assyria" (2 Kings 15:29). Also called 'Poul' is the first Assyrian king whose Bible mentions the name. It will make a foray into the Kingdom of Israel during the reign of Menahem, before it pays a tribute of a thousand talents to step down. - 2 Kings 15:19,20.

"The Pharaoh commanded all his people:" Throw in the Nile all newborn Hebrew boy! Do not let the girls alive! "Exodus 1:22

"Haman said to King Xerxes," There is a peculiar people (...) give written Wilt \ 's order to exterminate them. "
Esther 3:8-9
His successor, Shalmaneser V, "went [as] against the country" and laid siege to the capital, Samaria. However, it seems that it is Sargon II took advantage of this victory. The Bible says that the king of Assyria "led Israel into exile, and he placed them in Halah and in Habor and the cities of the Medes" (2 Kings 17:5,6). The annals of Sargon mention the deportation of 27,290 Jews. This may be the king who "brought [people] Babylon, Koutha [...] and placed them in the cities of Samaria instead of the son of Israel. "- 2 Kings 17:24.
Centuries later, the \ time \ 's Esther when the Jews came under Persian rule, their opponents tramèrent the enactment of a law to exterminate them. "Haman said to King Xerxes:" Your Majesty, there is a peculiar people (...) give written Wilt \ 's order to exterminate them. "(Esther 3:1-15). Today, the Jewish holiday of Pourims commemorates the failure of the plot.
\ "\"
The Fainting of Esther inv 8216
Jean-François TROY 1737
Sully 1st floor room 74
It is seeking to intervene with Ahasuerus to save Jews
extermination Esther, violating the prohibition to enter the palace without permission fainted. King raises his scepter on the neck of his wife as a sign of absolution
While the Jews were subject to Syria, King Antiochus IV did everything possible for Hellenize, forcing them to adopt customs and Greek deities. For him it was failure. The Jews were not exterminated or assimilated: they survived, and they survived the Hebrew Scriptures.
\ "\"
Sacrifice G 112
Sully first room 39 window 8
This ceramic tray is the sacrifice of a pig. In 167 av.n.è. King Antiochus IV Epiphanes of Syria made ​​a similar sacrifice on
pagan altar erected over the high altar of the Temple in Jerusalem and the temple dedicated to Zeus.
This desecration provoked an uprising of the Jews under the leadership of the Maccabees.
The Guardians of the Word,
Jews and Christians
have not disappeared,
and with them the Book survived.
"The Word of YHWH
abideth for ever "
1 Peter 1:25
Christians, who produced the second part of the Bible, also called the "New Testament" were also oppressed. Under the reign of being a Christian became a capital offense. And Tacitus speaks of "torture finest" this evil emperor inflicted on Christians. In 303 AD, and the Emperor Diocletian in the Bible took directly, hoping to stifle Christianity by ordering that all Bibles are burned Christians. The Fathers of the Church make Nero the first persecutor of Christians. - Matthew 24:9.
\ "\"
Nero MND 2050
Denon room 24
Fifth emperor of Rome,
declared a public enemy by the Senate, Nero committed suicide at age 31 in June 68.
This is Nero that Paul speaks when he appears before Festus.
"I stand before Caesar's tribunal, where I ought to be judged. [...] I appeal to Caesar! "(Acts 25:10, 21, note).
During his second imprisonment in Rome the apostle suggests that his death is imminent (2 Timothy 4:6-8). It is likely that Paul suffered martyrdom shortly after to 66
by order of the emperor.
64 in a huge fire ravaged Rome. Anxious to end the suspicions against him, Nero accused the Christians of being the cause of this disaster. According to Tacitus AR70, "to destroy the rumor, he assumed the guilty, the crowd called 'Christians'. It was not content to destroy them. They were tied to crosses and when the day had fled, they lit up the darkness like torches. " And Suetonius: "We gave the tortures Christians, so many people addicted to a new and dangerous superstition" AR71.

All these persecutions, these attempts at genocide, have jeopardized the survival of the Bible. But fortunately, the guardians of the Word, the Jews and Christians did not disappear, and with them the Book survived. For what reason? While many other literary works that have not faced the same difficulties have fallen into oblivion.

The Bible explains it. "YHWH's Word abides forever" (1 Peter 1:25). If the Bible is the Word of God, then nothing could destroy.

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