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Google translation
Astronomy or Astrology?
Astronomy is the scientific study of the universe, its constitution, its laws and its evolution. Astrology is a pseudo-science under the divination. This art seeks to determine the influence of the stars over the course of human life in order to make predictions. In the Bible, it is prohibited in all its forms.
\ "\"
L \ 'Astronomer or rather L \' Astrologer
RF 1983-28
Johannes or Jan Vermeer
Delft 1632 - Delft, 1675

Richelieu 2nd floor
Holland Room 38

The final period, cold
and perfect, Vermeer, tending towards archaic stylization and a fine way, still more careful.
very popular in the
Holland of the seventeenth century,
the scientist - or wise -
at work, in the tradition
figures of St. Jerome
and hermits in prayer
or meditation.
The objects \ astronomy (globe Hondius, 1600, manual Metius, 1621), duly identified, show quality vermeerien realism. The Geographer Museum Frankfurt \ 's Astronomer were long associated (at least from 1710 to 1797) without being genuine counterparts.
At least three astronomical phenomena are recorded in the Bible: "So the sun stood still, and the moon really stopped, until the nation could take revenge on his enemies" (Joshua 10:12-13) , the shadow go back ten steps to the time of King Hizquiza (2 Kings 20:8-11) and the Star of Bethlehem (Matthew 2:1-11). According to an encyclopedia, there are three ways to explain these events. It could be a poetic exaggeration of the writer or an allusion to a natural phenomenon (an action on the refraction of light). AA126
But the Bible itself indicates that these miracles are the work of God and a manifestation of his power. This divine power on light also spoke at the death of Jesus. The story of Luke (23:43-44) reports that there were "of
At least three extraordinary astronomical phenomena
are recorded in the Bible
darkness over all the earth, and the sun was gone. " Long before, God had proved he could hide the sunlight during the ninth plague of Egypt (Exodus 10:21-23). It lasted three days, ie longer than a solar eclipse. Meanwhile, in the land of Goshen, near, the Israelites had light.
Urania      inv 8059

To 1652 - 1655

H. : 1.16 m. , L. 0.74 m.
Comes from the paneling of the House of Muses
\ 's Hotel Lambert in Paris;
collection of Louis XVI (acquired in 1776)
Richelieu 2nd floor room 17

Urania (Ο? Ραν? Σ / Ouranos, "Heaven")

was the muse who presided over astronomy and
in astrology, the two disciplines are inseparable from the Greeks.

It shows \ 's finger in the air and is
left hand a compass to take action on his celestial globe.

\ "\"
"Do you know the
laws of heaven? "
Job 38:33, Thompson
"The heavens declare the glory of
God and the work of his hands
extent (the sky) the announcement. "
Psalm 19:1
The Bible also gives information in the field of astronomy. Several constellations are mentioned in the book of Job. "Can you build links constellation Kima, or can you loosen the strings of the constellation Kesil? Can you make out Mazzaroth constellation in its appointed time? And the constellation with his son Ash, can you lead? Did you come to know the ordinances of heaven? "(Job 38 :31-33). Constellation Kima meant perhaps Pleiades, and the Kesil the constellation Orion. The Bible writer knew nothing of the invisible forces that hold together the heavenly bodies. 3000 years after Job, Isaac Newton, with his theory of gravity and Albert Einstein, confirm how the words of Job were much ahead of its time that the theories of Aristotle distinguished.
\ "\"
Diane with the body \ 's Orion          RF 1997-30

Daniel SEITER Around 1685
Denon 1st floor room 20

Diane, that \ 'Orion tried to seduce him, killed him by sending a scorpion stung him in the heel, for making this service, the scorpion was transformed into a constellation Orion and suffered the same fate.
The astrology is a great place very early in worship and in the art of divination. The Sun, Moon and planets are considered houses of the gods. Marduk planet Jupiter, Venus we identified with Ishtar, Saturn Ninourta, Mercury in Nebo, Mars Nergal. The priests, later called mathematici believed that the correct interpretation of the movements of celestial bodies they reveal the intentions of the gods. A182
Astrology is an important factor in the art of divination from the second millennium av.n.è when the Babylonian priests establish the zodiac. This term comes from a Greek word meaning "circle of animals". The signs do not correspond to the constellations that earned them their original name. AE10
"You look at last extremity of illness
astrologers. Well, they are and they just save you, those who share the sky areas and watch the stars! "-
Isaiah 47:13,14,
Bible in current French.
The worship of stars was particularly dominant in Babylon. Since its inception, astrology is related to religion A183. The days of the prophet Daniel, astrology is so prevalent in Chaldea (Babylon) that the term "Chaldeans" is almost synonymous with "to Astrologers "(Daniel 4:7, 5:7,11). Daniel has witnessed the failure of the 'priest-magicians' to predict the fall of Babylon. Note that Isaiah had announced two centuries ago with a touch of irony: "You last extremity of illness to consult astrologers. Well, they are and they just save you, those who share the sky areas and watch the stars! "- Isaiah 47:13,14, current French Bible.
\ "\"
AO zodiac calendar 6448
Richelieu room window 3 15 (27)

This tablet belonged to a work in twelve volumes, each student a sign of the zodiac. The reverse shows a woman holding an ear, it is the constellation of the groove (Virgin). In the center a eight-pointed star is identified by its registration, it is the planet Mercury.

A crow left of the constellation. The bird pecks the tip of the tail of Hydra, belonging to the previous sign. Division there in twelve cases, equivalent to one month of the year.

Kudurru King Meli-Shipak II     

Sb 22

Richelieu room 3

Title under the protection of the gods, the stone steles carved and inscribed on both sides, are the support acts of donations determined by the sovereign. On this point, it is all the great deities symbolized by their emblem, which are combined into a real symbolic microcosm hierarchical in superimposed registers. The orb of the stele as on
the heavens are the astral deities, Sin, the moon, Shamash, the sun, and Ishtar, as the star contained the planet Venus. The gods are represented by their symbols: tiaras six rows of horns for Anu and Enlil, the ram's head and fish-goat Ea / Enki, and finally the emblem of the earth goddess, Ninhursag

\ "\"
The servants of God took firm position against the worship of the stars. They shared the design of the Scriptures, seeing them as mere physical body did not dominate man but served him for lighting and time markers. People find this forbidden in the Ten Commandments: "Thou shalt not make for yourself a carved image or a form like anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the waters under the earth. Thou shalt not bow down to them to you. "- Exodus 20:4-5.
"You must not make for yourself a carved image or a form like anything that is in heaven above [...] Thou shalt not bow down to them. "

Exodus 20 :4-5

The faithful Joshua King "deposed the priests of other gods [...] who were sacrificial smoke to Baal, to the sun, the moon, to the constellations of the zodiac. "(2 Kings 23:5). The latter term comes from the Hebrew word mazzalôth, plural, which appears only once in the Bible. It should be noted that the signs of the zodiac were introduced in the cathedrals of Christendom, and Paris can be seen on the left gate, and around Mary in the huge central rose of Notre Dame de Paris and
Burgundy AE11 on the facade of the Basilica of Vezelay. Historians \ 's art have long
"Lift up your eyes on high and see. Who created all these? "
Isaiah 40:26.
found this influence AE12.

God calls his servants to examine the heavens,
not for the purpose of astrological studies or
engage in any false worship, but
awareness of the greatness of his creation:
"Lift up your eyes on high and see. Who created all these? It is He who made their army out after the number, and calls them all by name. Due to the abundance of dynamic energy, it is also powerful in the force, not one of them is missing. "- Isaiah 40:26.

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