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Egyptian handmaiden of Sarah, Abraham's concubine and mother of Ishmael. As it is always sterile, Sarah presents Hagar to Abraham as a second wife. But once pregnant, Hagar began to despise her mistress, so much so that it is complaining about her husband. "And Abram said to Sarai, 'Look! You can have your servant. Give him what is good in your eyes. 'Sarai began to humiliate him, so she ran away from her. "The angel of God found Hagar near a spring on the way to Shur. He told her to return to her mistress and humble themselves under his hand. He added that many Yahweh multiply his seed and it will give the name Ishmael to the son born to him. Abraham was 86 years old at the birth of Ishmael.
"Sarai, the wife \ 's Abram had not given it \' s child. But she had an Egyptian slave named Hagar. Sarai said to her husband: "You see, the Lord \ 'm prevented \' s have children. Maybe I could have a son with my slave. Spend the night with her. "Abram accepted the proposal of Sarai. Sarai then took his slave Hagar and gave her to Abram as her husband. There was a decade that \ 'Abram dwelt in the land of Canaan. Abram spent the night with Hagar, and she conceived. When she heard it \ 'expecting a child, she looked at her mistress with contempt. Sarai said to Abram: "For you to bear the consequences of the \ 'insult that m \' s done! It \ 's me who put my servant in your arms, but since it \' s \ 'is seen pregnant, she \' s making me despise. May the Lord judge between you and me! "Abram replied," It \ 's your slave, it is in your power. Give him what you like. "Then Sarai mistreated Hagar so that it \ 's fled into the wilderness. "- Genesis 16:1-6 (Bible in current French)
\ "\"
Sarah urges Abraham to take Hagar to wife
  inv 1693
Cornelis van POELENBURGH
Utrecht, 1667

Table keeping the memory of small compositions \ Elsheimer
"You see, the Lord
m \ 'prevented \' s have children.
Maybe I could have a son
thanks to my slave.
Spend the night with her. "

Genesis 16: 2

Was it proper that Sarai offers her servant Hagar to Abram as a wife? Sarai's proposal reflected the custom of the time that a barren woman had to provide a concubine to her husband so that it produces an heir. This custom is also attested in Mesopotamian law (CFB, verse 2 rating m).
Polygamy occurred in the descendants of Cain. She eventually prevailed and was adopted by the Israelites. Nevertheless, God has never abandoned the original standard that is monogamy (Genesis 2:21,22). Noah and his son were obviously all monogamous (Genesis 7:7, 9:1). Jesus reaffirmed that monogamy was the rule. - Matthew 19:4-8.
"L \ 'angel of the Lord lives near the fountain in the way to Shur and asked," Hagar, servant of Sarai \' s where you go and where do you come from? "She replied:" I ran away from my mistress. "-" Return to your mistress, 'said \' s angel, and be subject to him. The Lord give you descendants so many that \ 'we can not count them. You will have a son. You \ 's call his name Ishmael, because the Lord has heard your cry of distress n. Your son will be a wild donkey. He will fight against all and all will fight against him. He lived alone \ 's away from all his fellows. "Hagar asked:" Have I really seen the One who sees me? "And she gave this name to the Lord who spoke to her:" You are El Roi, the God who sees me "That \ 's why the well which lies between Kadesh and Bered is called well Lahai-Roi, or. Well Life sees me. Hagar gave birth to a son that his father Abram named Ishmael. Abram had eighty-six years old when he gave this son. "Genesis 16:7-16
\ "\"\ "\"
Sarah presents Hagar \ 's in Egyptian
Abraham for it \ 'gives the
last child. RF 3709
D \ 'after Adriaen van der WERFF
Sarah presents Hagar as
second wife of Abraham Inv 1265

Philip van DYCK Towards 1708

\ "\"\ "\"
Abraham sending Hagar and Ishmael
inv 1266 Philip van DYCK 1708

Richelieu 2nd Floor Room A

Agar and \ 'angel RF 1997-35
Giuseppe Bartolomeo Chiari Denon 1st floor room 20 Replica \ 's large oval canvas formerly in the collection of the Marquis Pallavicini in Rome.
Child "L \ 'grows. When Sara stopped \ 's breast, Abraham made ​​a great feast. One day Ishmael \ 's child \' s Egyptian Hagar was given to Abraham, was playing. Sara saw him and said to Abraham, "Cast out this slave woman and her son. It should not inherit with my son Isaac "These words made ​​it very difficult to Abraham, because \ Ishmael was also his son. But God said to him: "Do not be upset about your slave and her child. Agrees to do what Sara \ 't said. In fact, it \ 's through Isaac that descendants get I \' t have promised. As the son of thy handmaid, I will also arise from his nation, because he is your son. "- Genesis 21:8-13
\ "\"
L \ 'Angel appearing to Hagar
in the desert   
inv 393
Pier Francesco Mola
On the left, an angel appears to Hagar, kneeling before her son Ishmael expiring of thirst, and shows him a hidden amidst \ trees and source rocks.
Denon 1st floor room 17
"It is written that Abraham acquired two son, one by the handmaid, and one by the free woman, but that the servant was born according to the flesh, one of the free because of a promise. These things are a symbolic drama, for these [women] are two covenants: one [is that] from Mount Sinai which gives birth to children for slavery, which is Hagar. Now this Hagar is Mount Sinai, a mountain in Arabia, and corresponds to the present Jerusalem, for she is in slavery with her ​​children. But the Jerusalem that is above is free, and she is our mother. "- Galatians 4:22-26
Agar played a role in
a "symbolic drama"
"These are allegories
have meaning
deeper. "
- Bible in current French.
According to the apostle Paul, Hagar played a symbolic role in a drama, it represented the nation of Israel related to Yahweh by the alliance of the Mosaic Law; alliance that gave birth to "children for slavery." The nation was unable to meet the terms of this covenant. The Israelites did not become a free people, but were condemned as sinners who deserved to die, so they were slaves (John 8:34, Romans 8:1-3). Jerusalem in the time of Paul corresponded to Hagar. This capital, which represented Israel according to the flesh, was a slave with her children. However, Christians are children of the "Jerusalem above" symbolic woman of God. As Sarah, the free woman, that Jerusalem was never a slave. Finally, Hagar and her son were driven, which could be rejected by the God of Israel according to the flesh as a nation. - Galatians 4:21-31

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Oriental Antiquities    Oriental Antiquities Departement
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