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Hypocrisy  and actors masks

Hypocrite is one who pretends to be what he is not. His actions are not consistent with his words. The Greek word for hypocrite (hupokritês) means "one who answers" and also denotes a stage actor.

Greek and Roman actors put large
masks equipped with technical devices that amplified their voices. 
Statue féminine, dite Muse de Louveciennes, musée du Louvre  

 Female statue, known

Muse Louveciennes


MR 354

Second century AD (?) 

Denon Rd-ch

Manege Room A

This statue was seized
the Revolution in Trianon
for the Louvre as the first museum catalogs and minutes
Inventory of 1810,

and not to the "Castle of Lucienne," that is, in the residence
of Madame du Barry,
as indicated by the release
final document.

Ancient comic mask

The ancient comic mask added by the restorer has led to confusion between this figure of Thalia and "Comedy" of Vasse who was good in the favorite, which does indeed possess any ancient statue.

Hypocrisy, or Comedy

The hypocrite term is also applied metaphorically to someone who wants to deceive or acting. This word can also take the idea of ​​malice and cunning. In Galatians 2:13, it is written that "even Barnabas was led away with their hypocrisy" (Thompson). Hupokrisis is here translated in some translations with " comedy ".
Among the hypocrites, and we can cite the example of the Pharisees and of Ananias and Sapphira.
« Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! because you shut up the Kingdom of the heavens before men; for you yourselves do not go in, neither do you permit those on their way in to go in. “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! Because you travel over sea and dry land to make one proselyte (…) “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! Because you give the tenth of the mint and the dill and the cumin, but you have disregarded the weightier matters of the Law, namely, justice and mercy and faithfulness. These things it was necessary to do, yet not to disregard the other things.(…) Blind guides, who strain out the gnat but gulp down the camel! “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! because you cleanse the outside of the cup and of the dish, but inside they are full of greediness and self-indulgence.(…) “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! because you resemble whitewashed graves, which outwardly indeed appear beautiful but inside are full of dead men’s bones and of every sort of uncleanness. In the same way, on the outside you appear righteous to men, but inside you are full of hypocrisy and lawlessness. » -  Mat. 23:13-28

Christ and the adulteress
inv 7282

 Nicolas Poussin 1653

The Pharisees deciphering
the words written by Christ
on the floor: "Let the one among you who is without sin cast
the first stone '' - John 8: 1-8.

Richelieu 2 nd floor room 14


 The Death of Sapphira 
inv 7286


Nicolas Poussin Towards 1652
Richelieu 2 nd floor room 14

The subject is taken from
the Acts
the Apostles: Saphire,
wife of Ananias, convinced
by St. Peter lie by avarice,
falls dead
the feet of
the apostle.

- Acts 5: 1-10. 

Chick competes here with Raphael, who was inspired by the same pass for one of the tapestries of the following Acts illustrating Death of Ananias
See also :

Melpomène     MR 269     non exposé

This colossal statue gave its name to the gallery adorned it since 1815. It was restored in Melpomene, muse of tragedy, with the addition of a modern mask.

Vertumne et Pomone     RF 2716                Richelieu Cour Puget

The god of gardens, Vertumnus, is in love with the beautiful Pomona. It takes the appearance of an old woman who finally reveals his true face, meaning the mask removed by the young man.


To short Visit

To normal Visit

Oriental Antiquities    Oriental Antiquities Departement
Egyptian Antiquities    Egyptian Antiquities Departement
Roman Antiquities    Roman Antiquities Departement