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Google translation
Holidays and Western traditions,
Carnival and Easter
Nadine Cretin (1999)
Carnival is the most pagan festival celebrated in the Christian world. What does Carnival? What is its origin? In this book for all age groups, Nadine Cretin presents the main festivals and traditions of the Western calendar, starting with the spring festivals and Carnival which marks the entry of renewal.
\ "\"
Western festivals and traditions
Nadine Cretin
Presses Universitaires de France (1999)
Determine the origin of a party
requires caution:
none is ever totally
modeled on another.
Many parties related to
liturgical cover earlier pagan celebrations,
associated themselves with the cosmic cycles
that punctuate the existence (page 4).
The cycle of Easter is a very important period of transition from winter to summer. The carnival festivities preceding a time of austerity, Lent, which leads Christians to Easter. The word carnival probably just carnelevare (Latin remove meat) announces the fasting that follows, which it is inseparable. This word could also come from the ancient day linked to the cult of Isis around a votive boat, Carrus navalis (naval char), which marked the resumption of navigation early March (page 8).
Carnival probably just carnelevare (Latin remove meat). This word could also come from the ancient day linked to the cult of Isis around a votive boat, Carrus navalis.

The origins of Carnival
There are many
and distant

Historian and anthropologist,
member of the Society of Ethnology
French, relationship expert
between the territory and festive customs,
ritual and spiritual

Nadine Cretin

has signed My Advent calendar, published by the Sénevé in 2007, and Feast of Fools, Saint-Jean and Beautiful May, the Editions du Seuil.

\ "\"
The origins of Carnival are multiple and far. His philosophy remains rigorous and cut in time, necessary and regulatory: it ridicules the space of a party, the most serious institutions. In ancient Babylon, on the feast of Sacaea in July, a condemned man took the place of the king. In the New Year, the Spring Equinox, the king was humiliated by the high priest and became simple matter. Greece, Dionysus was celebrated between December and March by parties including dramatic play to the origins of theater. These covered ancient orgiastic cults related to the awakening of nature (pp. 10-11).

The Church has taken these spring celebrations, adapting "to be put at the service of the true faith, according to their natural meaning and symbolism. "

What is the look of the early Church? "It has the elements and external symbols remain in many cases, provided that their use was changed in an authentically Christian meaning. "(P 12)
Depending on where it was celebrated in the countryside where he cleansed the common area by magical rites, or the city where he served as a social statement. Carnivals celebrated the expulsion of winter that we wanted final and the "Old" (year, but nickname that describes Lent) and welcome the arrival of the new season. "Scapegoat visible and tangible," says Frazer, a straw dummy, the personification of Carnival is still put to death. His funeral leads to a joyful public fat goodbye.

It also allowed the elements and external symbols remain in many cases,

provided that their use was changed in an authentically Christian meaning.

These carnival, happy and relaxed holiday, reflect in their complexity the essential dimensions of all the other holidays of the year. The Church has taken part in these spring celebrations, adapting "to be put at the service of the true faith, according to their natural meaning and symbolism. "(Page 12)
Easter is associated with the rebirth of vegetation and fertility. The English name AA106 Easter (Easter) is forged from an Indo-European radical as Sanskrit usra gave Latin aurora. Divinity Eostre or Ostara, goddess of the Dawn, is similar to the Norse goddess Freyja. AA105
The Church celebrates the Easter mystery of the Resurrection of Christ, three days after his death. This "solemnity of solemnities" is the most important Christian festival. The date of Easter was fixed at the Council of Nicaea in 325, the Sunday following the full moon coming after the spring equinox (page 35).

Easter is

associated with the rebirth of vegetation and fertility.

The date of Easter,
mystery of the Resurrection
of Christ,
was established in 325
at the Council of Nicaea.
Easter night, water and fire, purification elements, are honored to mark this time of transition from winter to summer. Gunshots and firecrackers still resonate in some German regions. Eastern custom of swinging has exorcist function, knocking the demons that could approach, similar to that of kites with frightening drawings for practice away (page 37).
The egg is a symbol
Universal ancient,
related to the life and
the origin of the world
in
Many legends.
\ "\"
Note the importance of Easter garden, egg and night, reflecting three wishes related to fertility, fecundity and light. The egg is an ancient universal symbol, related to the life, the origin of the world in many legends. This emblem of eternal life and perfection sometimes accompanied the dead in the afterlife, and it has found in Sumerian tombs of Ur, Sweden and Russia. AA107
Nadine for Cretin, these Christian Easter emphasize the alternating period between death and renewed life. The man, believer or not, and would need to give his life a sacred dimension and the possibility of access to immortality.





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