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Google translation
The Saint - Valentin
A party that has changed its name
Keywords: Valentine, Cupid, Eros, Pan, Lupercalia, Pope Gelasius 1
On the day of Valentine's Day, February 14, is regarded in many countries as a celebration of love. The customs attached to the party that bears the name of the Christian martyr comes from an ancient Roman orgy party. This was linked to the cult of Faunus, god depicted as a character half-man, half-goat. It was celebrated every year on 15 February and honored Juno, the Roman goddess of women and Pan, the god of nature. To make sense of "Christian" in this pagan festival, Pope Gelasius changed in 496 the feast of Lupercalia on February 15, Valentine's Day, the 14th. But the sentimental meaning of the ancient festival remained.
\ "\"
L \ 'Amour threatening RF 296


Richelieu Falconet ground floor room 22

L \ 'work, commissioned
by Madame de Pompadour, was exposed
at the Salon of 1757. She adorned the gardens of the hotel \ 's \' Evreux, future palace \ 's Elysee Parisian residence of the Marquise.
L \ 'iconography is that of
l \ 'silent Amour \' s mischievous Cupid demand silence during that \ it takes
an arrow from his quiver.
Cupid (Latin cupido, desire, love)
is the Roman god of love
that one identifies with Eros in Greek.
It is usually represented
in the guise of a beautiful baby boy
wearing wings, blindfolded,
and holding a bow and arrows.
The party is now associated
the mutual exchange of picture cards
symbols such as a heart
or a winged Cupid.
The original celebration of the Catholic Church, the feast of St. Valentine was not associated with romantic love before the Middle Ages, but with the \ physical love. The reconciliation between Valentine and courtly love is not mentioned in any ancient history and is considered by historians as a legend. The first mention of the day of Valentine's Day with a romantic connotation dating back to the fourteenth century England.
What relationship is there
between Cupid
and the day of Valentine's Day?
\ "\"
Eros (Cupid) MND 318 (No. 3307 My usual)

Roman work \ 's imperial era
(First - second century AD?)
Sardis (Turkey)
Denon-Ch Rd Cour du Sphinx Room 31
Eros, recognizable to knotted strands
on his forehead, holding an arrow in his right hand and probably a bow in his left hand. A quiver is still
behind the left thigh. The sculptor
Roman \ 's perhaps inspired \' s model
Greek of the third century BC
The combination of the mid-
February with
love and fertility
Date of antiquity

Valentine's Day has its origins in ancient Greece, at a time when the cult of the god Pan was in vogue.

The association in the middle of February with love and fertility dates back to antiquity. In the calendar of ancient Athens, the period from mid-January to mid-February was the month of Gamelion, dedicated to the sacred marriage of Zeus and Hera.
Called Valentine originated in ancient Greece, at a time when the cult of the god Pan was in vogue. This god of fertility, the mythology presented as a character half-man, half-goat, temperament restless and unpredictable, terrorizing humans. Moreover, the French term "panic" literally means "on Pan." Pan was supposed to keep the herds in playing the flute. He maintained many links with nymphs and goddesses. A sculpture shows him making advances to Aphrodite, goddess of love Eros, the god of love, vaulting over them flapping -. Exactly like cupids now represented on cards Valentine.
Faunus is the protector of flocks It gives them fertility and defends against wolves \ 's where the name Lupercus which is often attributed to him (Lupus' wolf')..
This festival is also related to
cult of Faunus
Roman god represented as
a character traits
half-man, half-goat
In Rome, the worship of a god similar called Faunus, was widespread. He was also depicted as a character half-man, half-goat. The cult of Faunus was in full swing to Lupercalia, orgiastic festival celebrated every year on February 15. AA103
\ "\"\ "\"
Earthly and heavenly Venus with Eros and Anteros Venus with two cupids, said Allegory \ RF Love 2106              
A Giovanni Bazzi said SODOMA to 1508

Denon 1st Floor Room Seven Meters Room 4
Venus \ 's Hymen and \ Love DL 1970-1918
Pierre-Paul PRUD \ HON about 1793
L \ 'Hymen, god of marriage, and the little Cupid, god \' s carnal love, press against their mother Venus. Sfumato, intangible modeled and smile Venus refer to Leonardo da Vinci.
At least three different saints named Valentine, all three martyrs. Their party was set on February 14 by a decree of Pope Gelasius 1, around 498. Although it abolished Lupercalia. But the modern counterpart of the festival survives in the name of Valentine. AR4
\ "\"

To make sense of "Christian" in this pagan festival

Pope Gelasius changed in 496 the feast of Lupercalia on February 15, Valentine's Day, the 14th.

Different theories circulating as to the origin of the name "Christianized." According to one of these versions in the third century AD, the Roman Emperor Claudius II banned young men to marry. The emperor thought that single men were better soldiers. A priest named Valentine began to disobey the imperial order secretly marrying young couples. Many accounts indicate that Valentine was executed around 269 AD, February 14. For others, Valentine priest of Rome, was jailed for rescuing persecuted Christians. He converted and was beaten to death. His feast falls on February 14. The old custom of choosing his girlfriend had little to do with the saint. This was primarily a reminiscence of the ancient Roman festival of Lupercalia or an analogy with the mating season for birds. AA104
Whatever the exact origin of Valentine's Day, it is clear that the party has changed its name and it draws on the ancient pagan beliefs and the catalog of "saints" established by Christianity.

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