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Google translation
Nativity and Christmas tree
by Oscar Cullmann (1993)
In this book, the author shows the close relationship historically between the date of Christmas and the Feast of the Epiphany.
\ "\"
Nativity and Christmas tree, The historical origins by
Oscar Cullman
Hart Publishing, Paris, 1993
Born in 1902 in Strasbourg, member
Institute, Oscar Cullman
one of the best actors of ecumenism.

It was published by Editions du Cerf
Unity through Diversity (1986) and
The ways of Christian Unity (1992)
In the second part of this edition, Cullmann focuses on theological affinities between Christmas customs and history of the Christmas tree. In the first part, it is the historical aspect. "The Beginnings of Christmas occupy me for many years. Having found that this historical problem was not always familiar - even educated people - I treated him for the first time in 1947. "
With this remark: "What we will bring a historical overview. Under these conditions, if the question of the nature of the party arises in the alternative: "pagan or Christian," it is in the historical context and in the light of the results provided by the science of history that will be processed. The question of whether it is justified to celebrate Christmas in the Church is a theological problem. "(Page 16)

"The question of whether it is justified to celebrate Christmas in the Church is a theological problem. "

It is surprising how deep ignorance of basic questions relating to the history of the Church and dogma.   

The authors of the Gospels do not mention the date of the birth of Christ,

and we do not have any other source.

Our Christmas party

celebrated on December 25,

was ignored by the Christians of the first three centuries.

"It is really surprising how deep today, even among those who value the general culture, ignorance of basic questions relating to the history of the Church and dogma. (Page 16) This observation and fact:
"Our Christmas party, celebrated on 25 December, has been ignored by the Christians of the first three centuries. "(Page 21). "The authors of the Gospels do not mention the date of the birth of Christ, and we do not have any other source. [..] In Palestine, the shepherds in the fields in March and April to November. From this, one might consider the spring, summer and fall. "(Page 25), and therefore the winter.

This is not a date,
but only a theological thought which gave the first impulse.

The followers of Basilides
Gnostic who lived in Alexandria
the second century,
celebrated on January 6,
Baptism of Christ.
This is the first noticeable origin of Christmas.
\ "\"
The Nativity and the \ 'Adoration of the Magi MI 523
GIOVANNI DI FRANCESCO
Florence, around 1459
Denon 1st floor Living Room 3 Square the
"The consciousness of ignorance in which it is shown that the exact date is not a date, but only a theological thought which gave the first impulse in the celebration of the manifestation of Christ on earth. "(P 34). It was especially Eastern Christians who meditated on the mystery of the manifestation of God in the world as a human person. By Clement of Alexandria, we know that the followers of Basilides Gnostic who lived in Alexandria in the second century, celebrated Jan. 6, the baptism of Christ. This is the first noticeable origin of Christmas.
They represented this heretical opinion according to which the divine Christ was manifested on earth at the baptism of Jesus. This is the name of the event, in Greek "epiphaneia" that celebrates the baptism of Jesus was called, itself, the Epiphany. (P. 34)
Why January 6?
On January 6, the pagans
celebrated a feast
honor of Dionysus.
Why January 6? The Gospels also mention some the date of the baptism of Jesus than his birth. January 6, pagans celebrated a festival in honor of Dionysus, party in connection with the lengthening days, by which time we celebrated the birth of Alexandria Eon, born of the virgin Korah, and that day was also dedicated to Osiris. During the night, the Nile received, they said, a miraculous power. This explains the fact that the followers of Basilides have chosen this day to celebrate the baptism of Christ, to proclaim in front of the heathen that be true divine manifested on earth is Christ. (Page 34)
It is noted that in the first half of the fourth century the Church, now celebrating the Epiphany on January 6, and in the festival she met baptism and the birth of Christ. (P. 35). The key element was the thought that presided at the celebration of this 'event', and not the date, thus we could easily change during the IV th century, the date of the celebration of the birth of Christ. (P. 41).
Choosing a date, located in the vicinity of 6 January, is imposed, as in a pagan world of light and the sun was celebrated in a particularly striking way on 25 December. (P. 49)





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