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Christmas, a Christian celebration ?  

Tradition places the birth of Jesus on December 25. This choice is not based on a biblical precedent but Roman pagan festivals celebrated at the winter solstice. Include the saturnalia and the combined festivals of two sun gods, Sol among the Romans and the Persians Mithra.

Short tour in the museum, and texts in search of the truth about the origin of Christmas.
The Nativity. Luke. Matthew. Free. Winter solstice. Sol Invictus. Triumphant sun. Mithras. Circle halo. God Sol. Saturnalia Festival  

Tradition places the birth of Jesus on December 25

The word Christmas comes from the Latin natalis, meaning " birth ". It refers to the Christian feast commemorating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth. Events supposed to serve as the basis for Nativity scenes are reported only by the Apostle Matthew and Luke disciple. - Matthew 2: 1-16; Luke 2: 4-16
Adoration of the Shepherds
RF 2555

Georges de LA TOUR
Vic-sur-Seille, 1593 -
Sully 2nd

Georges de La Tour
For today there was born
to you in David’s city
a savior, who is
Christ the Lord

Luke 2:11

The word Christmas is not found in the Bible

La Tour entered the Louvre in the twentieth century, shortly after its rediscovery in 1915, and thanks to the new interest in Caravaggio and "Painters of Reality. '' His religious subjects are striking in their simplicity, geometric rigor and dramatic lighting "by candlelight. ''
" For today there was born to you in David’s city  a savior, who is Christ the Lord " (Luke 2:11). All historians agree that the exact date of Jesus' birth is unknown. The word Christmas is not found in the Bible.
  The word Christmas
is not found
in the Bible.
No Christian text does not specify what day of the year Jesus Christ was born. Christmas is not part of the celebrations followed by the early Christians, and not in the lists published by Irenaeus and Tertullian.    
December 25 ?
Luke records that shepherds 'living outdoors and at night,
spent the night watches to keep their herds', suggesting that
Jesus could be born in summer or early fall. December is cold
and rainy in Judea, it is likely that the shepherds would put away
their flock by night.
"Flocks (...) wintered in sheep and this detail
 is enough to prove that the traditional date of Christmas
in winter is unlikely to be accurate, as the Gospel says that
the shepherds were in the fields AA64
"We do not know when
from birth of Christ.
The Gospels not
reveal neither
the day nor
the month AA63
There were also in
the same region shepherds living out
of doors and keeping
watch in the night
over their flocks
 Luke 2:8
Jérusalem under snow
And nothing proves that Jesus was indeed born on 25 December. All shows otherwise. For nearly three centuries, Christians seem to have other celebrated annual festival that Easter.

Gradually will appear desire to historicize the birth of Jesus. In the fourth century, the date of December 25th was chosen primarily to replace the pagan festivals. In 350, Pope Julius I declared December 25 st day of the birth of Christ AR87

Feast of the Nativity on December 25, Pope Liberius in 354

According to Catholic tradition, Pope Liberius who in 354, would have instituted the feast of the Nativity in Rome on December 25, when the Natalis Invicti  AA84
The Nativity gradually absorbed all Another solstice ritual.
Solar imaging served
to represent the risen Christ and the solar disk became the halo
of saints  A150
Pope Frees baptizing converts RF 1114
Bronze 1598
Alessandro Algardi
Denon Ground floor
Michelangelo Gallery
Room 4

This choice is inspired by Roman pagan festivals
celebrated around the winter solstice

Long before the advent of Christianity, the time of the winter solstice was already a turning of the year which included many pagan beliefs. These ancient traditions have many points of similarity with the Christian festival.

The West will long remain reluctant to go along with a date, December 25, which corresponded to the Coptic and Armenian believers to pagan celebrations execrated. It seems that the proponents of the new faith from the East, as they " christianize " Celtic festival of the dead in early November, have "recovered" the powerful sacredness that traditionally accompanied the celebrations of the solstice to make the time of the birth of the Savior. AA66
A day with
ancient origins
This seems to have been imposed on Christians by
the impossibility in which they were, or delete a custom as old,
or to prevent the people to identify the birth of Jesus
to the Sun AA67
"The choice of
December 25 is
appeared around 330,
to cover the pagan festivals celebrated in
winter solstice
  « The choice of 25 December appeared around 330 to cover
the pagan festivals celebrated at the winter solstice. This period
has been marked in ancient times, during the Saturnalia
celebrated in Rome in honor of the old master of Saturn
weather or when the 'Sol Invictus' (the invincible sun), come
worship the Persian god Mithras.  » Nadine Cretin AA70

Christmas and the cult of Mithra

The cult of Mithras is closely associated with the origin of Christmas.  AR85, AA71
Persian god of light, Mithra
is represented on one side of
the relief slaying the divine bull
to fertilize the universe.

On the other he feasted with
the sun, which he is assimilated.
Worship Mithra " betrays the undeniable influence of Babylonian conceptions; and if we recall the importance that
the mysteries associated with this cult took the Romans,
it adds link the ramifications
of ancient culture and civilization
the Euphrates valley "

Relief mithriatique à double face     MND 1911
Denon room 25
25 December 274, the Roman Emperor Aurelian proclaimed the sun-god Mithra principal patron god of the Empire. In a compromise policy, it appeared logical to substitute for Christian use the day of 25 December. The feast of the 'birth' of the God-Savior, the one who gives life to nature, and Mithras, Natalis Invicti triumphant sun, was gradually replaced by that of the birth of Christ 'Light of nations', according to the expression used by old Simeon. - Luke 2:32.

This metaphor of Christ identified a new light that will light the world is already present in the Gospel of John (8:12). Resumed frequently in the homilies of the Christmas. However, considered in the light of the Bible, almost all customs related to Christmas is either pagan in origin or of the biblical narrative deformations. They therefore have a Christian in name only. AA74
The head and cloak,
attached to the right shoulder, are in one room
melted separately then fitted and welded body.
The parting line
is concealed by the

The sun god was
doubtless a whip check
in his missing left hand.
God Sol
Br 1059

II - III century AD

Found 1830 around Montdidier (Somme), province
Roman Belgium

Sully 1

Salle des Bronzes

Sol Invictus (Latin undefeated Sun) is a solar deity appeared in the Roman Empire in the third century.
It incorporates aspects
Apollo and
in the Roman army.
The Emperor Aurelian (270-275) ensures
official site
in Rome
proclaiming that
Sun is the undefeated
main boss
of the Roman Empire
 Dedicated disk
to Sol Invictus

Roman coin
Third century
Asia Minor

The pagan festival of Saturnalia was celebrated at the winter solstice. The word solstice comes from two Latin words: ground (the name of the sun god) and sistere (stop). The winter solstice is when the day stops and starts to lengthen shortened. According to the old Julian calendar, the winter solstice took place on 25 December. AA68

Saturnalia was celebrated at the winter solstice

" Saturnalia
are originally
parties and uses
Christmas and
year end. " AA72

Winter or Saturnalia
inv 3100
Antoine Francois Callet



" The Roman Saturnalia
are the basis
most joyful customs
the Christmas time. "

"Major Christmas customs now (...) are not authentic Christian customs, but heathen customs which have been absorbed or tolerated by the Church. The Roman Saturnalia are the basis of most joyous traditions of Christmas time. This ancient Roman festival was celebrated from December 17 to 24. 

The streets and houses were noisy revelry, binge drinking and other excesses. The Saturnalia and the first of the year probably formed one festive event. Instead Christianize the heathen, these customs have paganized Christians. AA73   AA83
The Christmas party is born at a time when the cult of the sun was particularly flourishing in Rome. These details confirm that this feast originated neither the Scriptures nor of the earliest Christian traditions.


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