Visit
Ajoutez à vos favoris
Recommandez LB
the Louvre with the Bible
default.titre
default.titre
Subcribe to the newsletter !
www.louvrebible.org
News
Painting of the month
Work of the month
Book of the month
Article of the month
Emplacement
Ancient Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia
Assyria Nineveh
Arslan Tash Til Barsip
Iran Palace of Darius
Phoenicia Arabia Palmyra
Levant Syrian coast
Ougarit Byblos
Great Sphinx The Nile
Leisure Temple
Sarcophagi
The mummy
Book of the Dead
Gods
Old and New Kingdom
Writing and scribes
Campana room
Room of Bronzes
Caryatids Room
Roman art
Julio-Claudian Period
Late Antiquity
Gaul, Africa and Syria
Thematic visit
Search a work
Research theme
Entertaining visit
Did you know - 1
Did you know - 2
Did you know - 3
Slideshow
More information ?
Order the book
Print Purchase Order
Contact us
Bibliography
Notes
Glossaire



Google translation
Halloween, All Saints Day and All Souls' Day
 
Three parties for a first lie
 
 
Other Tags: Celtic, Samhain, Death, Flood, Jean Markale Other World
Christianity \ 't been able to eliminate some concepts inherited from the dawn of time, it \' s the case with these three celebrations from \ 's strange Celtic festival.
The Christian feast of All Saints Day, the Day of the Dead, and carnival events \ 's Halloween are exactly \' s time, the time of the Druids, the Celts celebrated the great feast of Samhain. During this night - to the nearest 1 November full moon - the world of the dead join the living, and vice versa because, according to a Celtic word "death \ 's the middle of \ a long life. "AA9
The reader of the Bible will not be surprised by this finding. It is based on the first lie uttered to Eve, the mother of all living by Satan, the original serpent and "father of lies". - Revelation 12:9, John 8:44
Genesis 2: 16-17
And God imposed this order: "From every tree of the garden you may eat to satisfaction.
But as for the tree of knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat, for in the day you eat from it you will positively die. "
\ "\"
Genesis 3: 4-5

But the serpent said to the woman, "You will not surely die. For God knows that in the day you eat of it your eyes are bound to be opened and for sure, you will be like God, knowing good and evil. "

Plate: New Moon \ 's Adam and Eve MR 2438 Richelieu 1

\ "\"
Death
 
opposite of life,
or
passage
another
life form?
\ "\"
Cup: Adam and Eve tempted by the serpent OA 1555 Richelieu 1 Skull rock crystal MR 327 Richelieu room 23
L \ 'Mankind has always tried to \ establish an unbroken chain between the living and the dead. The belief in the immortality of the soul and its variants have been shaped by the same Babylonian concept. The death was considered by the Chaldean AA10 theologians like switching to another form of life. This concept of \ 'an immortal soul is a common feature in mythologies around the world. AA11, AA12
It is also a product of the Greek mind, which owes its development and its development in Western thought the philosopher Plato AE33, while the hope of a resurrection belongs to Jewish thought. AE34
The notion of the immortality of the soul is not biblical.
The original terms used in the Scriptures
(Heb. nephesh;. PsukhÃÂȘ gr) used about land creatures always mean what is material, tangible, visible and deadly AE35.
The world after death,
a concept of all religions and mythologies human
Funk and Wagnalls AA12

"Oracle of the Lord GOD [...]

All lives are mine. Whoever has sinned, it \ 's the one who will die. "

Ezekiel 18:4

Statue of human form    
DAO 96
Sully Levant
Room D showcase 8
\ "\" This is the oldest of the Louvre work.

Shaped by hand with plaster, it is underpinned by a frame of ropes braided fibers, now defunct, but still fingerprints.

This Neolithic statue of Ain Ghazal, and other stories of this period,
allow us to glimpse the trace of ancestor worship and have a belief in a form of life after death.
'It is not surprising to see how important
held the cult of the dead
and the crucial role
played by it in human society since [...] his initial appearance. '
Edwin James A286
L \ 'ancient festival of Samhain \' s faded into mist. But it persists in the \ collective unconscious to reappear \ 's other aspects, that \' s Halloween, popular and fantastic, and that of the Saints, liturgical and sacred.
The Anglo-Saxon word Halloween comes from \ 'a contraction of "All Hallow \' s Eve", literally "eve of all saints." In the Celtic calendar, the date of October 31, corresponded to the New Year's Eve and the feast of Samhain, which means "end \ 's been." The Druid priests believed that the souls of the dead roamed the earth that night. To allay these lost souls, they offered food and lit bonfires (d \ immortality symbols) to ward off evil spirits.
What is striking
in all stories
on the feast of Samhain,
it \ 's \' interpenetration
the visible world
live,
The festival of Samhain
Interconnection with
l \ 'Another World
      
and that,
invisible but
always present
in \ 's world of everyday life,
the world of the gods
and deceased. AA13
When they go from house to house,

disguised as ghosts
or witches,
demanding treats and
with the threat of a bad turn

children unwittingly perpetuate the ancient rituals of Samhain.
\ "\"
Receiving something with their hands, they establish a brotherly exchange between the visible and invisible world.
This is why Halloween masquerades are in fact sacred ceremonies.
Jean Markale Halloween history and traditions, Imago Publishing, 2000, p 150
Halloween should be considered not as a pagan isolated event, but as an essential complement to the celebration of All Saints and the commemoration of the dead.   
Toussaint (1886)
Emile Friant
Medal \ 'or
\ 's Expo
1889
Centre Pompidou Metz

Chrysanthemums

about the graves and

burning candles in cemeteries

symbolize a happy life

after death.

\ "\"
All Saints is a religious holiday celebrated on November 1 in which \ 's Catholic Church honors all saints, known and unknown. At the end of the second century, some who claimed to be Christian, began to honor those who were martyred.
Regular commemoration was instituted May 13 610
when Pope Boniface IV consecrated the Pantheon - Roman temple
all gods -
Mary and all the martyrs.
Thus the Roman gods of the past they left room for religion saints triumphant

Facade of the Pantheon

Rome

Wikipedia

\ "\"
The change of date for the month of November came under Pope Gregory III (731-741), who dedicated a chapel in St. Peter's Basilica in Rome to all the saints and commanded them to be honored on November 1. The custom was observed only in Rome. Finally, in 837, Pope Gregory IV universalisation this holiday. Why November 1? This date corresponds exactly to that of the Celtic festival, so Druids, Samhain.
Why November 1?
Jean Markale highlights \ 's influences croisssante Samhain remained a popular festival among the Celts throughout the Christianization of Britain.
This date corresponds exactly to that of the Celtic festival
and thus Druidic,
Samhain.

Irish monks in Europe at that time.

The medieval British commemoration of All Saints was the origin of the universal adoption of this festival by the Christian Church. AA15
But this Celtic origin, so pagan, at least as to its dating, gives the Christian Saints singular ambiguity. And Christians confuse absolutely Day of the Dead and the saints. However Everything happens as if the \ 'popular collective unconscious refused the selection made ñ€‹ñ€‹by the \' official church (and warnings) and mingled indiscriminately Elected to all dead. AA14
And the same collective unconscious renders ancient rituals sometimes become incomprehensible, and occur during processions \ 's Halloween in which it \' s more separation between the living and the dead. It \ 's back to the night of Samhain, where everyone can go to \ a world \' s another in a full merger.
The persistence \ 'pagan elements during \ a Christian feast n \ was not without worry AA17. We then insist that living could help the dead through prayer to help the souls in purgatory to reach the heavenly bliss. It \ 's well that \' became the "Day of the Dead", set immediately after Halloween. AA16
\ "\"

Musée de Cluny

Paris 5th

\ "\"
This official institution is due to the monks of Cluny, and more particularly to St. Odilo, who in the eleventh century, set the date of its celebration to November 2. This rule has become a custom now observed in the \ whole of Christendom.
To help these souls [the Church] has made November 2 Day of the faithful deceased. That day, the priests celebrate three Masses to alleviate the torments of the blessed souls who are in purgatory to hasten their entrance into heaven.
In the final analysis, the Catholic doctrine of purgatory is based on tradition, not Sacred Scripture.

Conclusion Jean Markale:

"What is remarkable,
it \ 's all these celebrations are from the same strain:

"The nominally Christian Day of the Dead is an ancient pagan festival of the dead on which the Church decided to close their eyes by policy. "
Frazer, The Golden Bough, the old Christian feast of the dead Origins, p. 453 AA18

The Celtic festival of Samhain
whose meaning and depth
far exceed any ethnic divide, cultural or even religious. "   

One author even suggests an earlier origin,
and plausible to the reader of the Bible.
"The mythologies of all the ancient peoples
have a connection with the events of the flood. (...)
A great festival commemorating the dead event
is celebrated not only by people
more or less related, but others that are widely separated in time by an ocean and through the centuries.
All these nations celebrate this festival on the same day,
or nearly so, where, according to the story of Moses
the flood began,
namely the seventeenth day of the second month period that corresponds roughly to our November. "
Colonel J. Garnier, The Worship of the Dead, London, 1904, p. 4
\ "\"
Thus, these three celebrations actually begin with a ceremony honoring the souls that God has destroyed the days of Noah because of their wickedness, and they worship Satan the "father of lies".
Three feasts for the first lie.





To short Visit

To normal Visit

Oriental Antiquities    Oriental Antiquities Departement
Egyptian Antiquities    Egyptian Antiquities Departement
Roman Antiquities    Roman Antiquities Departement