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Google translation
Halloween, Jean Markale (2000)
\ "\"
Specialist of the Celts,
Jean Markale
present here this early celebration
came from distant times
then analyzes its successive transformations to its current extensions
in our society that, curiously,
revives the customs that arose from the shadows
without knowing the meaning or scope.
The Christian feast of All Saints,
that the Day of the Dead,
and carnival events \ 's Halloween
lie exactly
\ 's time, the time of the Druids,
The Celts celebrated the great feast of Samhain (page 18).
During this night - to the nearest 1 November full moon - the world of the dead join the living, and vice versa because, according to a Celtic word "death \ 's the middle of \ a long life. " Later this strange pagan festival will be recovered by the Church, becoming the "Saints", not day of the dead, but "celebration" of all saints. (4th cover).
What is striking in all the stories about the festival of Samhain,
it \ 's \' interpenetration of the visible world of the living, and that,
invisible but always present in the \ world of everyday life,
the world of the gods and the dead.
Promotes knowledge
freedom of choice.
Can we know the truth
on \ 's original
these folk festivals?
Some excerpts: The Anglo-Saxon word Halloween comes from \ a contraction undoubtedly popular, All-(holy)-even, which literally means "eve of all saints."
L \ 'ancient festival of Samhain \' s faded into mist. But it persists in the \ collective unconscious to reappear \ 's other aspects, that \' s Halloween, popular and fantastic, and that of the Saints, liturgical and sacred. (Pge104)
\ "\" When they go from house to house dressed as ghosts or witches, demanding treats and waving the threat of a trick, children unwittingly perpetuate the ancient rituals of Samhain.

Receiving something with their hands, they establish a brotherly exchange between the visible and invisible world.

This is why Halloween masquerades are in fact sacred ceremonies. (P 150)
Why the Pope of Rome he decided that the party of the "Communion of All Saints' is celebrated on November 1, while the Mediterranean background could have choose another more in line with the Roman mentality?
Why November 1?
Jean Markale highlights the growing influence of Irish monks in Europe at this time (JM page 111)
But this Celtic origin, so pagan, at least as to its dating, gives the Christian Saints singular ambiguity.
Should be considered Halloween
not as
a pagan event isolated
but as a necessary complement
the celebration of All Saints and
the commemoration of the dead. 117 JM
Christians confuse absolutely Day of the Dead and the saints. However Everything happens as if the \ 'popular collective unconscious refused the selection made ​​by \' s official Church (and warnings) and mingled indiscriminately to all Elected the dead. And the same collective unconscious renders ancient rituals sometimes become incomprehensible, and occur during processions \ 's Halloween in which it \' s more separation between the living and the dead.
It \ 's back to the night of Samhain, where everyone can go to \ a world \' s another in a full merger. (P. 113)
Conclusion Jean Markale (pge 117)
What is remarkable, it \ 's all these celebrations are from the same strain: the Celtic festival of Samhain, whose meaning and depth far beyond any ethnic divide, cultural or even religious. "

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